1918... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is formed in
with the merging of the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air
Service. The need for a stronger air force became apparent to
German air raids caused extensive damage to
English cities. British
pilots found themselves ill-prepared to fight
against the German ace
1970...President Richard Nixon
signs a bill prohibiting the advertising of cigarettes on the
radio and television. The bill also requires a
warning on the packaging of cigarettes. The warning states "cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your heath."
Euro is adopted as the common
currency in the European Monetary Union. Eleven countries agree to use the
euro as their primary
euro will go on to become the most commonly used currency
in Europe. Eventually nineteen countries will use the
Ponce de León
1513...Ponce de Leon becomes the first explorer to go ashore on the
Florida coast. He is exploring the Caribbean
sea when he sees the present day coast of
Florida. He thinks it is an
Island. He goes ashore and claims the land for Spain,
his native country. He names the land
Florida, which means "full of flowers" in Spanish. It is thought that Ponce de Leon was trying to find
the mythical Fountain of Youth. While he did not put that goal in his official journals, there are rumors that
he was told by Native Indians of its existence in the Americas.
1917...Jeannette Rankin, of
Montana, takes seat in the
U.S. Capital as the first woman elected to
The House of Representatives.
1917... President Woodrow Wilson asks
Congress to declare war on
Germany to make the world safe for democracy.
1860...The first pony express
mail simultaneously leaves St. Joseph,
1882...Jesse James is shot to death for the reward
money by Bob Ford. Ford is a new member of Jesse's gang. Ford dislikes Jesse and decides to kill him for the reward
money. He shoots him in the back while he is unarmed. In order
to receive his reward money, Ford turns himself in to the
authorities. To his dismay he is charged with murder and then sentenced to hang. However, just a few hours
after his sentencing he receives a full pardon from Governor Thomas Crittenden.
2010...Apple releases the iPad tablet
computer. Three million of them are sold in the first three months.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
decides on the design of the
US Flag. It is to have a total of 13 red and white stripes, and a
star for each state. The star is to be place in a field of blue.
William H. Harrison, the 9th
President of the United States, dies of pneumonia after only one month in office.
Luther King, Jr. is shot to death at a Memphis,
Tennessee hotel. He is shot by a fugitive named James Earl Ray.
1614...Pocahontas, the daughter of Indian Chief Powhatan,
marries John Rolfe. This will keep the peace between the
settlers and the
Indians for several years.
President George Washington uses the presidential power of the veto for the first time. President
Washington will use the power of the veto just once in his first term and just once during his second term.
The first bill that he vetoes is called the Apportionment Bill. With this bill the
Congress tries to alter the number of delegates in the
House of Representatives.
President Washington thinks this bill violates the
Constitution. He vetoes it and his veto stands, as
Congress fails to override it.
1951...Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are found guilty of selling
secrets to the Soviet Union.
1976...American billionaire Howard Hughes dies at the age of 70.
The Prophet Joseph Smith
1830...The Prophet Joseph Smith organizes
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with six members. By 2020 there will 16.3 million members of the church.
The Book of Mormon
will be published in 100 languages and 169 LDS Temples will dot the earth.
1896...The Olympic games,
after 1500 years, are reborn in Athens,
1909...Explorers Robert Perry and Matthew Henson reach the North Pole, although some dispute their claims.
1906...Mt. Vesuvius in Italy
erupts, causing ash and lava to burn
homes as it flows down the mountain.
1949...Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical South Pacific
debuts on Broadway. The
music is celebrated, and the play will become a
favorite for both amateur and
563...Buddhists celebrate the commemoration of the birth of Gautama Buddha.
1974...Hank Aaron, playing for the Atlanta
Braves, hits his 715th home run. This breaks
the legendary record of 714 home runs set by Babe Ruth.
2011...Ground is broken for the future site of the first Disneyland park to be built in
China. It is to be built in the city of Shanghai.
Robert E. Lee
1865...General Robert E. Lee surrenders 28,000
troops to General Ulysses S. Grant. This ends the
1881...Billy the Kid is found guilty of killing the Lincoln County
New Mexico sheriff. He is sentenced to hang.
1942...In the Philippines, American General Edward King surrenders Bataan to the Japanese, against the orders
of General MacArthur. 78,000 troops are taken captive by the Japanese. This is the largest surrender of US
Troops in history.
1963...The USS Thrasher, an atomic
submarine, sinks in the Atlantic
Ocean. The entire crew is killed.
1970...Paul McCartney announces the breakup of the
The Beatles. Fans around the world are stunned.
Table Tennis Team is invited to communist China. This is a move to enhance diplomatic relations
between the two countries.