1918... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is formed in
with the merging of the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) and the Royal Naval Air Service
The need for a stronger air force became apparent to
German air raids caused extensive damage to
pilots found themselves ill-prepared to fight against the
Richard Nixon signs a bill prohibiting the advertising of cigarettes on the
television. The bill also requires a warning on the packaging of
cigarettes. The warning states "cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your
Euro is adopted as the common
currency in the European Monetary Union. Eleven countries agree
to use the
as their primary
euro will go on to become the most commonly used
currency in Europe. Eventually nineteen countries will use the
1513...Ponce de Leon becomes the first explorer to go ashore on the
coast. He is exploring the Caribbean
sea when he sees the present day coast of
Florida. He thinks it is an
Island. He goes ashore and claims the
land for Spain, his native
country. He names the land
Florida, which means "full of flowers" in Spanish. It is thought that
Ponce de Leon was trying to find the mythical "Fountain of Youth." While he did
not put that goal in his official journals, there are rumors that he was told by
Indians of its existence in the Americas.
1917...Jeannette Rankin, of
Montana, takes seat in the
U.S. Capital as the first woman elected to
The House of Representatives.
Woodrow Wilson asks
Congress to declare war on
Germany to make the world save for democracy.
1860...The first pony express
mail simultaneously leaves St. Joseph,
1882...Jesse James is shot to death for the reward
money by Bob Ford. Ford is a new member of Jesse's gang. Ford
dislikes Jesse and decides to kill him for the reward
money. He shoots him in the back while he is unarmed. In order
to receive his reward
money, Ford turns himself in to the authorities. To his dismay
he is charged with murder and then sentenced to hang. However, just a few hours
after his sentencing he receives a full pardon from Governor Thomas Crittenden.
2010...Apple releases the iPad tablet
computer. Three million of them are sold in the first three months.
Martin Luther King,
decides on the design of the
US Flag. It is to have a total of 13 red and white stripes, and a
star for each state. The
star is to be place in a field of blue.
William H. Harrison, the 9th
President of the United States, dies of pneumonia after only one month in
Luther King, Jr. is shot to death at a Memphis,
Tennessee hotel. He is shot by a fugitive named James Earl Ray.
the daughter of Indian Chief Powhatan,
marries John Rolfe. This will keep the peace between the
settlers and the
for several years.
George Washington uses the presidential power of the veto for the first
Washington will use the power of the veto just once in his first term and
just once durng his second term. The first bill that he vetoes is called the
Apportionment Bill. With this bill the
Congress tries to alter the number of delegates in the
House of Representatives.
President Washington thinks this bill violates the
Constitution. He vetoes it and his veto stands, as
Congress fails to override it.
1951...Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are
found guilty of selling
secrets to the
1976...American billionaire Howard Hughes
dies at the age of 70.
The Prophet Joseph Smith
1830...The Prophet Joseph Smith organizes
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with six members. By
2018 there will be over 16 million members of the church. The
Book of Mormon will be published in 100 languages and 159
LDS Temples will dot the earth.
after 1500 years, are reborn in
1909...Explorers Robert Perry and Matthew Henson reach the North Pole, although
some dispute their claims.
1906...Mt. Vesuvius in
Italy erupts, causing ash and lava to burn
homes as it flows down the
1949...Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical
South Pacific debuts on Broadway. The
music is celebrated, and the play will become a favorite for both amateur
563...Buddhists celebrate the commemoration of the birth of Gautama Buddha.
1974...Hank Aaron, playing
Atlanta Braves, hits his 715th
home run. This breaks the legendary record of 714
home runs set by Babe Ruth.
2011...Ground is broken for the future site of the first Disneyland park to be
It is to be built in the city of Shanghai.
Robert E. Lee
1865...General Robert E. Lee surrenders 28,000
troops to General Ulysses S. Grant. This ends the
1881...Billy the Kid is found guilty of killing the Lincoln County
New Mexico sheriff. He is sentenced to hang.
the Philippines, American General Edward King surrenders Bataan to the
Japanese, against the orders of General MacArthur. 78,000 troops are taken
captive by the Japanese. This is the largest surrender of US
Troops in history.
submarine, sinks in the Atlantic
Ocean. The entire crew is killed.
1970...Paul McCartney announces the breakup of the
Fans around the world are crushed.
Table Tennis Team is invited to communist China. This is a move to
enhance diplomatic relations between the two countries.