abdicates his throne. Napoleon successfully fights in the
Revolution after he graduates from
military school. The
military is currently ruling
France and Napoleon eventually becomes emperor (1804). Napoleon uses his
military acumen to conquer much
of Europe. The Napoleonic Wars will take the lives of five million people.
However, when Napoleon tries to conquer Russia he is not successful. Everyone
turns against him and he has to abdicate his throne.
Island of Elba.
He will escape the
and attempt to reclaim his throne during a period known as the
Hundred Days. He is unsuccessful in this endeavor. European
solders join forces to defeat him at the Battle of Waterloo. This
time Napoleon is sent St. Helena, a more remote
in the Southern Atlantic Ocean. It is here, after problems with his stomach,
that his life ends at age 52.
1951...President Harry S. Truman
terminates General Douglas McArthur of command of the
United States forces in
1970...NASA attempts another mission to
land on the
moon with the Apollo 13 mission. The mission is aborted because of a
ruptured oxygen tank. The crew is rescued and safely returns to earth.
1861...Confederate shore batteries fire on Fort Sumter, and the Civil War
begins. Fort Sumter is located in the state of
South Carolina. At the end of 1860
succeeds from the Union. The North has possession of Fort Sumter but the South
wants it. The South is not letting the Union resupply the fort. Finally the
South decides to take over the fort by force if necessary. The commander of Fort
Sumter, Major Robert Anderson, refuses to surrender the fort, so Confederates
shore batteries begin firing. After 33 hours the white flag is raised.
Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man in space and the
first man to orbit the earth.
Columbia, is launched from
It makes 36 orbits around the earth and then lands on a lakebed runway at
Edwards Air Force Base in
George Frideric Handel
1742...George Handel's Messiah premiers in Dublin, Ireland.
The Messiah is considered one of the most sacred pieces of
music of our day.
1964...Sidney Poitier wins an Academy Award for best actor in
Lilies of the Field. He is the first black person to win an Oscar for
1997...Twenty-one year old Tiger Woods wins his first major
title in the
He does it with a record 12 strokes.
President Abraham Lincoln
1865...President Abraham Lincoln
is shot and mortally wounded at Ford's
President Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth.
Booth is an actor. He is also a
Confederate sympathizer. Booth is trying to save the Confederacy. He also plans
on having the vice-president, Andrew Johnson, and the Secretary of State,
William H. Seward killed. His accomplices succeeded in injuring Seward, but
vice-president Johnson is unharmed. Booth breaks his own leg jumping out of the
Presidentís box, but manages to flee the
theater. He is later found hiding in a
President Lincoln, who has been taken to a nearby lodging house, dies the
next morning. He becomes the first
U.S. President to be assassinated. It is just five days after General
Robert E. Lee surrendered the Confederate troops at Appomattox Court House in
Virginia. The war was already over.
1912...The "unsinkable" RMS Titanic strikes an iceberg shortly before
midnight in the North Atlantic
Union withdraws its
force from Afghanistan.
This ends nine years of conflict.
1947...Jackie Robinson plays
for the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field. He plays first base.
He becomes the first African American
(MLB) player in our day.
1992...Leona Hensley's famous quote "Only little people pay
does not go over well, and she is handed a 4-year
She will end up serving 1 1/2 years.
2011...A replica of
Graceland home in Memphis,
Tennessee opens in
The Original Porche
1948...A hand-built aluminum prototype labeled #1 becomes the
is born when the rival National
League (NFL) and American
League (AFL) join together to play a championship game.
2017...Fortune 500 Magazine recognizes Walmart as the nation's
The eruption of the Tambora Volcano
volcano in Indonesia erupts.
It is the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history. Thousands of people are
killed as a result of the explosion, pyroclastic flow and resulting
tsunamis. The eruption will change the weather around the world for
1961... The CIA trains Cubans living in the
States. They plan to return to Cuba to try
and oust the communist president Fidel Castro. This invasion will become known
as the Bay of Pigs.
is unveiled at the
is named after the
Earthquake is estimated to be 8.0 on
the Richter Scale. It topples
and starts citywide fire storms.
1956...American actress Grace Kelly and Prince Rainier of Monaco
in a lavish
1989...Chinese students in Beijing take to the streets to call for
democracy in Communist
Minuteman Statue in
1775...British troops are trying to capture
leaders. The are also looking for
weapon storage. The
British meet resistence from the
Minutemen. The Minuteman are colonists who have grouped together and
trained to defend the colonies. They are skilled using weapons and in
military tactics. When they are needed, they are ready. Hence
the name Minutemen.
Boston Marathon is run. It
is won by John J. McDermott
It took him two hours and 55 minutes.
1986...Michael Jordon scores 63 points in an National
Basketball Association (NBA) playoff game, setting a
postseason scoring record.
1999...In a shooting spree at Columbine High School in Littleton,
teenage gunmen killed 13
2008...Danica Patrick, a twenty-six year
old woman, becomes the first female
to win an IndyCar race. She wins it in a race held in
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