abdicates his throne. Napoleon successfully fights in the French
Revolution after he graduates from
military school. The
military is currently ruling
France and Napoleon eventually becomes emperor (1804). Napoleon uses his
military acumen to conquer much
of Europe. The Napoleonic Wars will take the lives of five million people.
However, when Napoleon tries to conquer Russia he is not successful. Everyone
turns against him and he has to abdicate his throne.
He is banished to the
Island of Elba.
He will escape the
and attempt to reclaim his throne during a period known as the
Hundred Days. He is unsuccessful in this endeavor. European
solders join forces to defeat him at the Battle of Waterloo. This
time Napoleon is sent St. Helena, a more remote
in the Southern Atlantic Ocean. It is here, after problems with his stomach,
that his life ends at age 52.
1951...President Harry S. Truman
terminates General Douglas McArthur of command of the
United States forces in Korea.
1970...NASA attempts another mission to
land on the
moon with the Apollo 13 mission. The mission is aborted because of a
ruptured oxygen tank. The crew is rescued and safely returns to earth.
1861...Confederate shore batteries fire on Fort Sumter, and the civil war
begins. Fort Sumter is located in the state of
South Carolina. At the end of 1860
South Carolina secedes from the Union. The North has possession of Fort Sumter but the South
wants it. The South is not letting the Union resupply the fort. Finally the
South decides to take over the fort by force if necessary. The commander of Fort
Sumter, Major Robert Anderson, refuses to surrender the fort, so Confederates
shore batteries begin firing. After 33 hours the white flag is raised.
1961...Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man in space and the
first man to orbit the earth.
Columbia, is launched from
It makes 36 orbits around the earth and then lands on a lakebed runway at
California's Edwards Air Force Base.
George Frederic Handel
1742...George Handel's Messiah premiers in
The Messiah is considered one of the most sacred pieces of
music of our day.
1964...Sidney Poitier wins an Academy Award for best actor in
Lilies of the Field. He is the first black person to win an Oscar for
1997...Twenty-one year old Tiger Woods wins his first major
title in the
He does it with a record 12 strokes.