The Red Baron
Baron Manfred von Richthofen, known as the Red Baron, is shot down. The Red Baron
is a name that was given to
Germany’s ace fighter
pilot after the war. Manfred von Richthofen is a Prussian aristocrat. He serves in the Prussian
at both the Eastern and the Western fronts and earns the Iron Cross for courage under fire. When his
unit is assigned to supply duty he protests and asks for a transfer to
Air Forces. Manfred von Richthofen becomes
Germany’s best flying
ace. In 19 months he shoots down 80 Allied
planes, which is large in comparison to other
pilots who average 15-20. Richthofen’s career comes to an end when he is
killed over France while in a dogfight
plane. The legend lives on for the both feared and respected fighter
ace. The Red Baron, and his red
plane, will be featured for years in the Peanuts
battling cartoon character
1967...General Motors, the world's largest automaker, celebrates the manufacture
of it's one millionth car.
The Oklahoma Land Run
1778...John Paul Jones, United States
Naval Commander of the USS Rangers, leads a
detachment from his ship
to raid the port at White Haven, England.
race into the newly opened Oklahoma
territory. The start of the race is at 12:00 PM (noon). They are racing to find free
2004...Pat Tillman is killed while serving in Afghanistan. Pat gave up his pro
football career to enlist in the
army after 9-11.
1564...William Shakespeare, the great English
writer, is born in Stratford-on-Avon, England. Shakespeare will go on to be thought of as
one of the best British
writers of all times.
He will be credited with writing 37 plays. His works will be quoted for years. His most famous plays will be
Macbeth, Hamlet and Romeo and Juliet.
1985...The Coca Cola Company changes the formula of Coca Cola, one of the world's most popular soft drinks.
Consumers are extremely upset. Six months later they will return Coca Cola to the original formula.
Italian based maker of performance cars, is purchased by the
Chrysler Corporation of America.
1800...President John Adams
signs an Act of Congress to establish the
Library of Congress in
1936..."King of Swing" Benny Goodman and his trio record
China Boy. Benny Goodman is the most
prominent Big Band Leader of his day.
1990...The Hubel Space Telescope is launched into orbit by the
space shuttle Discovery.
preschoolers around the world are inoculated for diphtheria.
James Watson and Francis Crick, of Cambridge University, publish an explanation of the structure of DNA.
has his first #1 hit on the Billboard Pop Singles Chart with Heartbreak Hotel. It will stay there for two months.
1954...The new polio vaccine is given for the first time in a nationwide test.
1986...There is an explosion and fire at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. Radiation spreads throughout Europe.
This is the biggest nuclear accident in history.
1997...The Woolworth Discount Chain announces continued financial losses. They are forced to close their
remaining stores after 130 years of operation.
1521...Portugese navigator Magellan Ferdinand is killed in the Philippines after traveling 3/4 of the way
around the globe.
1667...The blind poet John Milton sells
the copyright to his masterpiece Paradise Lost. John Milton is serving as the secretary of Oliver Cromwell’s
commonwealth. When the commonwealth is overturned, Milton is thrown in
jail. By this time he is blind. Now he loses his position and his property. After he is released he dictates his
poem Paradise Lost to his family. Then he sells it for 10 pounds. The poem is printed and immediately is
recognized as a masterpiece of the English language.
1956...Rocky Marciano, the world heavyweight
boxing champion, retires at the age of 31. He is the only heavyweight champion to have a perfect record (49-0).
1789...The HMS Bounty is seized in a mutiny led by first mate Fletcher Christian. The ship is on a
voyage from Tahiti to the West Indies.
1945...Benito Mussolini, the dictator of Italy,
and his mistress are captured and shot while trying to flee to
1965...President Lyndon B. Johnson sends 22,000 troops to the Dominican Republic
to forestall a Communist dictatorship.
William and Kate
2004...The final Oldsmobile
is made at the Lansing
car assembly plant in
Michigan. It is the end of the 106-year-old
2011...Catherine (Kate) Middleton marries
Great Britain's Prince William at Westminster Abbey in
1939 World's Fair
1803... France and the United States
complete The Louisiana Purchase. This doubles the size of the
1939...The New York World's
Fair opens. At the opening ceremonies
President Roosevelt (FDR) gives a speech to welcome everyone to the
fair. The speech is televised. This speech is the first
television broadcast in the
1948...Twenty Latin American nations and the
establish the Organization of American States
(OAS). The purpose of the organization is to improve the relationship of
the United States
with its closest neighbors, and to prevent the spread of Communism in the Western Hemisphere.