1492...Columbus sets sail on his voyage to find a shortcut to the Spice Islands. Instead he discovers the New World.
1914...Germany and then
France declare war on each other.
Coolidge becomes the 30th President of the United States
a few hours after the death of Warren G. Harding.
Basketball Association (NBA) is formed from the merger
of the Basketball Association of America (BAA) and the National Basketball League (NBL).
1958...The Nautilus, an American nuclear
submarine, travels under the North Pole.
1892...The parents of Lizzie Borden are found dead in their home. They have been killed with an axe.
Their daughter Lizzie is suspected of the crime.
1914...The United States
declares neutrality at the beginning of WWI.
1936...Jesse Owens wins one of his four
gold medals in the long jump at the Berlin Olympics.
Hitler watches in disgust.
1944...Anne Frank, the young Jewish girl who keeps a
diary while hiding from the Nazis, is captured by the Gestapo and sent to a death camp.
1858...The transatlantic telegraph
cable laid across the floor of the Atlantic Ocean is completed.
1914...The world's first electric
traffic signal is installed in
television program in
Pennsylvania, hosted by Dick Clark and featuring dancing
goes national and is renamed American Bandstand.
1962...Marilyn Monroe is found dead at her home in
Reagan fires over 11,000 air-traffic controllers who are are not honoring the no strike law for essential
1890...The first execution by electrocution takes place at Auburn
1926...Gertrude Ederle becomes the first women to
United States drops an
atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan,
to bring the war to a close. The B-29 American bomber that drops the
bomb is named the Enola Gay.
Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting
Rights Act. It guarantees African Americans the right to
1782...General George Washington, as Commander-in-Chief of the
creates the purple heart, or Badge for Military Effort. The badge is to be given to those who perform
exemplary acts of bravery in military
service. Later it will be given to soldiers who are
wounded in combat.
1917...The Bull Moose Party
nominates Teddy Roosevelt
to be their candidate for the Presidency of the
1947...Thor Heyerdahl completes a 4,300 mile journey from Peru to Raroia. Raroia is near Tahiti. He makes
the trip in a light raft to prove his theory that an early people living in South America could have traveled to and
populated the Polynesian Islands using
ocean currents. His boat is called the Kon-Tiki.
1959...Pictures of the earth are taken from space by the unmanned spacecraft Explorer 6.
Battle of Gettysburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee sends his resignation to the
Confederate President Jefferson Davis. It is refused.
1945...With the signature of
President Truman, the United States
becomes the first member to join the newly formed
1974...Richard M. Nixon becomes
the only president in
American history to resign.
1936...Jesse Owens wins his 4th gold medal at the
Olympics in Berlin.
1945...As part of the attempt to make Japan surrender, a second
atom bomb is dropped on Japan, over the city
of Nagasaki. Japan is brought to its knees and it surrenders unconditionally.
Ford becomes the 38th President of the
United States when
Richard Nixon resigns as President.
Gerald Ford was appointed to become vice president when Spiro Agnew resigned
from his job eight months previously and now he advances to the
1793...The Louvre Museum is created from what was previously a Royal Palace in
France. The Louvre will become the
world's largest art museum.
becomes the 24th state in the
United States of America.
James Polk signs The Smithsonian Institution Act. The Smithsonian is founded with money left to the United States
for the purpose of "the increase of knowledge." The bequest is from an English scientist that had never even
Truman signs the National Security Bill. The Bill creates the Department of Defense.