1961...Communist East Germany
starts building the Berlin Wall to stem the tide
of refuges fleeing to free West Berlin.
1964...Ian Fleming, the British Author
and Journalist, dies of a heart attack at age 56 in Kent,
England. Ian Fleming is the creator of the fictional spy
1990...The largest skeleton
yet of a Tyrannosaurus Rex is discovered near Faith,
The skeleton has a 2,000 pound skull and is 42
feet in length.
1521..Cortés captures Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire. He is helped with both
Spanish forces and rival Indian Tribes.
1902...Felix Wankel, the inventor of the rotary engine, is born. The German
had the idea for a rotary combustion engine when he only seventeen-years-old.
star Mickey Mantle, known as The Mick, dies of liver cancer at age
63. During his time on the team
the Yankees won 12 Pennants and 7 World Series.
settle Kodiak Island,
after a Russian expedition, led by Danish navigator Vitus Bering, sights the
1935...The Social Security Act is signed into law. It guarantees an income for the unemployed and
2003...A large blackout knocks out power in the Eastern
and parts of Canada.
Damages due to loss of electricity is 500 million
New York City alone.
The Panama Canal
1899...Henry Ford resigns
his position as chief engineer at the
Edison Company main plant in Detroit, Michigan.
He moves on to start the Ford Motor Company.
1914...The Panama Canal opens. The canal
connects the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. The first ship
through the Panama Canal is the SS Ancon,
an American passenger and
1896...The last last great
in the American West begins. It starts after George Carmack spots
gold near the Klondike
River in the Canadian Yukon.
Ray Chapman, of the Cleveland
Indians, is hit
in the temple by a pitch from Carl Mays of the
Yankees. This is the first and only death by a pitched
ball in major league history.
Presley, the King of Rock 'n Roll, dies in Memphis,
at 42 years of age. The cause of death is a heart attack caused by barbituates.
Double Eagle II Balloon
1915...The hand cranked combustion engine is replace by electric
starters, invented by Charles Kettering of Dayton,
1943...The US Seventh Army,
led by General George S. Patton, arrives in Messina, Sicily several hours before
British Field Marshall Bernard
1978...The first transatlantic
balloon flight is made from Maine
to Paris by the Double Eagle II.
1227...Genghis Khan, a Mongol leader who created an empire from
China to Eastern
Europe, dies while at his camp.
1910...The 19th Amendment, guaranteeing women the right to
is ratified by Tennessee.
The 2/3 majority of states
ratification is met, and women now have the right to vote. Susan Anthony is credited for her role in bringing the
1931...In perhaps the worst natural disaster of the 20th century, the Yangtze River in China
floods. It causes the death of 3.7 million
1812...The US Frigate
The USS Constitution (Old Ironsides), defeats the British shipGuerrière. Witnesses claim
Britishshot harmlessly bounced of
The Constitution as if it were made of iron.
1909..., The Indianapolis
500 is held for the first time at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. It will go on to become the most famous
competition in the United States.
1951...In major baseball's
biggest publicity stunt, Ed Gaedel, a little person just 3 feet and 7 inches tall, makes an appearance at the plate
in a major league game for the
St. Louis Browns. He is walked with 4 straight
1804...The Corps of Discovery is a special unit in the
Army that travels with Lewis and Clark on their two year trip to explore the
Northwest part of the
United States. Three months into the expedition Sergeant Charles Floyd
dies. He is the only member of the Corps of Discovery to perish.
1911...The first telegram
is sent around the world using 16 different operators. The
telegram takes 166.5 minutes to arrive back in
1920...The National Football
League (NFL) is organized in Canton, Ohio by 7 men.
Included among the men is the legendary athlete Jim Thorpe.