Lincoln and Douglas debates begin.
Lincoln loses the
Senate race but gains national attention for himself and the newly formed
1911...In perhaps the most brazen art theft of all time,
Italian Vincenzo Peruggia walks in the Louvre, takes the Mona Lisa, and walks out with it under his clothing.
1959...Hawaii becomes the
50th state to enter the
United States of America.
Aftermath of Hurricane Andrew
States wins the first America's Cup. The
United States built schooner America beats a fleet of
Britain's finest ships in a race around England's
Isle of Wright.
1864...The International Red Cross is founded by twelve nations meeting in Geneva. The Red Cross is to give
nonpartisan care to the sick and wounded in times of war.
1989...Nolan Ryan becomes the first major league pitcher to get 5,000
He eventually gets 5,714, which is 1,500 more than his closest competitor.
Andrew hits the United States
with some of the highest wind speeds ever recorded.
1814...First Lady Dolly Madison saves the most famous portrait of
George Washington from being burned and
looted by the British
Troops during the War of 1812.
1902...Fanny Farmer opens Miss Farmer's School of Cookery in
Boston. She changes the way
food by the use of standardized measurements in
manager Pete Rose, who holds the record for the most hits in
baseball history, is given a lifetime ban from all organized
baseball because of his gambling on the sport.
79...Mt. Vesuvius erupts. It devastates the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum and kills thousands of people.
1875...Captain Webb, of Shropshire,
England, becomes the first person to swim the English Channel.
2012...Anders Breivik is sentenced to 21 years in
for killing 77 people in a bombing and shooting in Norway in the year 2011. This
is the maximum sentence allowed under
1944...Paris is liberated by Allied Forces.
The city has not been destroyed. The German
Commander defied orders from Adolf Hitler to blow up landmarks and burn the city to the ground.
1945...John Birch is a former Baptist
missionary who is currently serving as a captain in the
United States Army in
China. He is shot and killed by Communist
troops. Many people consider John Birch the
first casualty of the Cold War.
1950...President Harry S. Truman
issues an executive order putting railroads
under the control of the Army
in anticipation of a strike by railroad workers.
Mark I Mini
game is held between the Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field,
1959...The British Motor Corporation launches a small, affordable
car named The Mark 1 Mini.
It will go on to become one of the best selling cars in
National Convention in Chicago,
Illinois, is interrupted by anti-war protestors. It is one of the most violent protests to occur in
1883...A huge volcanic
explosion takes place on Krakatau Island,
Indonesia. The explosion results in the loss of
around 36,000 people. Most the the casualties are from the
tsunami that forms when a large part of the
Island falls into the
The largest wave from the
tsunami measures 120 feet tall. The
pyroclastic flow travels 40 miles over the
ocean, scorching everything in it's path.
off the coast of Ireland on a fishing boat, Lord Mountbatten is killed by a bomb planted by Irish Terrorists (IRA).
His 14-year-old grandson is also killed.
Charles and Diana
1963...Martin Luther King Jr. speaks to 250,000 people attending the March on
Washington. His remarks on civil liberty become known as the I Have a Dream speech.
Charles and Lady Diana are finally divorced after four years of separation.
This brings to an end what many people thought was a storybook wedding.
1535...Pizarro and his conquistadors execute the last
emperor of the 300-year-old Inca civilization.
test the atomic bomb at the Semipalatinsk test
site in the Kazakhstan region.
Katrina, the most costly
disaster ever in the
United States, hits the Gulf Coast with 145 mph winds. Failing dykes in
Louisiana cause millions of
dollars in damage. People are stranded on roof tops until
rescue. Living conditions in temporary shelters are unsanitary and people are in need of