Lincoln and Douglas debates begin.
Lincoln loses the
Senate race but gains national attention for himself and the newly formed
1911...In perhaps the
most brazen art theft of all time,
Italian Vincenzo Peruggia walks in the Louvre,
takes the Mona Lisa, and walks out with it under his clothing.
1959...Hawaii becomes the 50th state to enter the
United States of America.
States wins the first America's Cup. The
United States built schooner
America beats a fleet of
finest ships in a race around
Isle of Wright.
1864...The International Red Cross is founded by twelve nations meeting in Geneva.
The Red Cross is to give nonpartisan care to
and wounded in times of war.
1989...Nolan Ryan becomes the first major league pitcher to get 5,000
He eventually gets 5,714, which is 1,500 more than his closest competitor.
Andrew hits the
with some of the highest wind speeds ever
1814...First Lady Dolly Madison saves the most famous portrait
from being burned and looted by the
War of 1812.
1902...Fanny Farmer opens Miss Farmer's School of
Cookery in Boston. She changes the way Americans prepare
food by the use
of standardized measurements in
manager Pete Rose, who holds the
record for the most hits in
history, is given a lifetime ban from all
his gambling on the
79...Mt. Vesuvius erupts. It devastates the Roman cities of Pompeii and
Herculaneum and kills thousands of people.
1875...Captain Webb, of Shropshire,
England, becomes the
first person to
the English Channel.
2012...Anders Breivik is sentenced
to 21 years in
for killing 77 people in a bombing and shooting in Norway in the year 2011. This
is the maximum sentence allowed under Norwegian law.
1944...Paris is liberated by Allied Forces. The city has
not been destroyed. The
Commander defied orders from Adolf Hitler to blow up
landmarks and burn the city to the ground.
1945...John Birch is a former Baptist
currently serving as a captain
United States Army
He is shot and killed by Communist
troops. Many people consider John Birch the
first casualty of the Cold War.
1950...President Harry S. Truman issues an executive order
under the control of the
in anticipation of a strike by
Mark I Mini
game is held between the Cincinnati Reds and
the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field,
1959...The British Motor Corporation launches a small, affordable
The Mark 1 Mini. It will go on to become one of the best selling
National Convention in
Illinois, is interrupted by anti-war
protestors. It is one of the most violent protests to occur in American
explosion takes place on Krakatau
Indonesia. The explosion results in the loss of around 36,000 people.
Most the the casualties are from the
tsunami that forms when a large part of the
Island falls into the
The largest wave from the
tsunami measures 120 feet tall. The
pyroclastic flow travels 40 miles over the
ocean, scorching everything in it's path.
off the coast of Ireland on a fishing
boat, Lord Mountbatten is killed by a bomb planted by Irish Terrorists (IRA).
His 14-year-old grandson is also killed.
Charles and Diana
1963...Martin Luther King Jr. speaks to 250,000 people attending the March on
Washington. His remarks on civil liberty become known as the I Have a Dream speech.
Charles and Lady Diana are finally divorced after four years of separation.
This brings to an end what many people thought was a storybook wedding.
1535...Pizarro and his conquistadors execute the last emperor of
the 300-year-old Inca civilization.
atomic bombat the Semipalatinsk test site in the
Katrina, the most costly
disaster ever in the
United States, hits the Gulf Coast with 145 mph winds.
Failing dykes in
Louisiana cause millions of
dollars in damage. People are stranded on roof tops until
rescue. Living conditions in temporary shelters are unsanitary and
people are in need of
1919...Vladimir Lenin is shoot twice in an assassination attempt by the Social
Revolutionary Party in
The Bolsheviks respond and the country
heads closer to civil war.
1967...Thurgood Marshall is confirmed as a
Supreme Court Judge. He is the first African American judge of the
1983...Colonel Guion Bluford is the
American to enter space. He is part of the crew on the third mission of
1888...Jack the Ripper murders his first victim in
1955...The first solar powered
car is demonstrated by William Cobb of General Motors.
pitcher Sandy Koufax
eighteen batters in one
This sets a new
National League record.