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"Did You Know..."
Notable Historic Events
for the Month of
John Quincy Adams
1824...No candidate receives a majority of the electoral votes
in the Presidential Election. The election is turned over to the
House of Representatives. The House gives the Presidency to
John Quincy Adams, even though
Andrew Jackson has more electoral
votes. This is the first time an election is decided by the
dictated by the 18th Amendment of the
1913...Henry Ford installs the first
auto assembly line, reducing time to build a car from 12 hours to 2 hours
to 30 minutes.
1990...England is finally connected to Europe. The final hole is
drilled connecting them through a tunnel 132 feet below the
crowned Emperor of France. Napoleon
is 35 years old, and
considered one of the greatest
military strategists in history.
He is the first
Frenchman to hold the title of Emperor in over 1,000 years.
James Monroe delivers an address to
Congress creating what will become known as The Monroe Doctrine.
President Monroe states that America is not to be colonized by European powers.
1869...John Brown, the militant abolitionist, is executed by hanging.
Brown led the fight against slavery in
He often considered the first casualty of the Civil War.
1961...After years of denial, Cuban leader Fidel Castro openly declares he is
a Marxist-Leninist. Then he establishes diplomatic relations with the
Dr. Christiaan Bernard
1967...Surgeon Christiaan Bernard, trained in the
and South Africa, performs
the first human
heart transplant in Cape Town, South Africa.
1984...An explosion at a Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, leads
to the worse industrial accident in history. Two hundred people die and another
200,000 are injured when toxic gas covers the city.
1989...At a meeting in the
Island city of Malta,
George H.W.Bush and Soviet
leader Gorbachev issue statements suggesting the Cold War will be coming to an end.
The Mary Celeste
1872...The American sailing vessel, the Mary Celeste, is spotted near the
Azores in the
A boarding party is sent to the ship to see if they need assistance. The ship is
full of food and supplies, but there are no people on it. Nothing seems to
be missing except for the ship's one rowboat. There were suppose to be 10 people
on the boat and they are never found and no one knows what happened to them.
This remains one of the the biggest nautical mysteries of our time.
1945...In an overwhelming vote of 65-7, the United States
Senate approves full
participation in the
1952...A heavy smog begins to hover over London. The problem is
exacerbated by cold temperatures, causing residents to burn extra
coal. It lasts for five days and kills somewhere between four and ten
1933...With the signing of the 25th Amendment, the 18th Amendment is repealed and
Prohibition is over. Some
States choose to be dry states and they pass
1945...Five Naval bombers leave
a training flight. They report
their compasses are not working. They never return. A rescue
plane is sent to find them. It never returns. Thus begins the
legend of the Bermuda Triangle.
Anwar al-Sadat of Egypt breaks all ties with Syria, Libya, Algeria and South
Yemen. These four countries have signed the Declaration of Tripoli.
The four countries
pledge to freeze their relationship with the Egypt. They have turned
against Egypt's president, Anwar Sadat, because he chooses to recognize the State of Israel.
The Washington Monument
Washington Monument is completed. The final step is the placing of a
pyramid on top
of the granite and marble blocks. The monument stands 555 feet high and is now
structure in the world.
1917...A horrific explosion occurs in the Harbor of Halifax after the Mont-
Blanc, a French munitions ship, collides with another vessel. The explosion kills
1,800 people, injures 9,000, blinds 200 and destroys part of Halifax.
1992...Jerry Rice, of the San Francisco 49ers,
catches his 101st career touchdown reception. This sets a record.
was held by
The USS Arizona - Pearl Harbor
becomes the first state in the
United States of America.
1805...The Louis and Clark expedition builds a small fortress on the Pacific
Coast (Oregon) to spend the
They call it Fort Clatsop, after a local Native American
Tribe. The men
do not appreciate the weather, as they cannot stay dry. With the exception of twelve days, it
rains continually for three months.
Pearl Harbor. The surprise attack occurs at 7:55 AM,
catching everyone unprepared. The planes bomb the US Naval Base at
and the airfields on the Island of Oahu. This forces the
United States into
earthquake devastates Armenia, killing
close to 60,000 people and
1940...The Chicago Bears play against the Washington Redskins for the NFL
Championship and beat them 73-0. It is the largest defeat in NFL history. The
Bears were merciless, but motivated to beat them badly. After a prior loss
the Redskin coach,
George Marshall, called the team "quitters" and "cry babies."
1941...Jeanette Rankin, the first woman elected to
Congress, casts the sole vote
States declaration of war against Japan.
1980...John Lennon, a former member of The Beatles band, is shot and
killed by an obsessed fan in
New York City.
1993...The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is signed into law by
President Bill Clinton. The trade pact, between the
Mexico, eliminates all tariffs and trade restrictions between the three
Alfred Lord Teenyson
1854...The Charge of the Light Brigade, a poem by Alfred
Lord Tennyson, is published. The poem commemorates the brave charge of 600
British Calvary into
Russian artillery during the Crimean War.
1958...Retired candy entrepreneur Robert Welch founds the John Birch Society.
The Society is dedicated to fighting Communism in America.
1990...Lech Walesa, founder of the Polish Solidarity Union, becomes the first
elected Polish President in a landslide election.
Jay is elected President of the
John Jay is the former chief justice of the
New York Supreme Court.
He will go to be appointed as the first
Justice of the United States.
Wyoming territorial legislators pass a bill granting
women the right to
1901...The first Nobel Prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden.
The traditional gold medal is still awarded today, but the money has increased.
It is now 1.4 million
1963...Nineteen year old Frank Sinatra, Jr. is kidnapped from his
hotel room in Lake Tahoe,
is freed after the demands of a $240,000 ransom