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Notable Historic Events
for the Month of
Charles De Gaulle
1958...De Gaulle is elected President of France.
He is the first president elected after the new constitution for approved.
1988...Pan American Flight explodes over
Lockerbee, Scotland. All 254 passengers and 16 crew members are killed,
as well as 11 people on the ground. The explosion is traced to a
bomb placed in the cargo hold. Islamic terrorists from Libya are accused
of planting the bomb.
1991...Eleven of the
twelve Soviet republics announce that they are forming the Commonwealth of
Independent States (CIS). The Soviet Union is over.
Ludwig van Beethoven
1808...Beethoven's Fifth Symphony premiers in Vienna. Adverse performance
conditions causes the presentation to be less than favorably received.
1849... Placed in front of a firing squad after being convicted of
Russian writer Fyodor Dostoevsky's life is spared at the last minute and
he is sent to a labor camp.
1964...After General Sherman's long march from Atlanta to the ocean,
Sherman captures Savannah, the last remaining Confederate port city. Sherman wires
President Lincoln, telling him that the conquest of Savannah is his
gorillas are captured in Africa and placed in the Cleveland Zoo. The female
to a baby gorilla named Colo. Colo becomes the first gorilla born in
General Washington resigns his post as the head of the Continental Army and
heads home to Mt. Vernon. Although
Washington could have take control of the Colonies, as some even wanted him
king, he paves the way for the democracy by withdrawing himself from the
1888...The Dutch painter Van Gogh, suffering from
depression, cuts off the lower part of his ear while shaving. While
the work of Van Gogh is held in high esteem today, during his lifetime Van Gogh
is poor and only sells one
1986...The aircraft Voyager, completes the first nonstop
flight around the earth without refueling. The Voyager, piloted by
Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, only has 5 gallons of fuel lift in it's tank when
it completes the 25,012 mile trip around the earth.
1814...The War of 1812 comes to an end with the treaty signed at Ghent,
Belgium. The border of the United States with Canada is to be settled at a
1943...General Eisenhower is appointed the Supreme Commander of the Allied
forces during WWII.
1851...A fire at the Library of
Congress destroys 2/3 of its collection,
including the personal library of
Thomas Jefferson. The Library of
Congress will go on to become one of
the largest libraries in the world.
1979...The Soviet Union invades Afghanistan. They capture Kabul within a few
days, but the ensuing war lasts for nine years. Finally, with with no
hope of victory in sight, the Soviets begin withdrawing in 1988.
1914...A truce is declared on Christmas Day by the
soldiers fighting in the trenches for England and Germany. They
wish each other "Merry
Christmas" and spend the rest of the day singing carols and exchanging
1941...Bing Crosby sings the song White Christmas, by
Irving Berlin, on the radio. It becomes one of the best selling and most
loved songs of all time.
George Washington and the troops of the Continental Army cross the Delaware
River in the bitter cold. This strategic move enables them to surprise the
Hessians and win the battle at Trenton, New Jersey.
1775...The Continental Army, led by General
George Washington, surround and overwhelm the German Hessians at the Battle
of Trenton. This is the first major victory for the Patriots. Together
Crossing of the Delaware the previous night, this inspires the Patriots to keep
1946...Bugsy Siegel opens the Flamingo Hotel in Last Vegas,
Nevada. The grand opening was a flop, and Bugsy was murdered a year later
because of his handling of the
money made from the hotel.
earthquake off the coast of Indonesia triggers an equally massive
tsunami. The tsunami wrecks havoc from Somalia to Southeast Asia, killing an
estimated 230,000 people and leaving a million homeless.
Astronauts Anders, Borman and Lovell
Music Hall opens in New York City. This deco structure is
the largest indoor theater in the world.
1941...The United States begins rationing
automobile tires to support the war effort. No driver in the US is
allowed to own more than five tires.
1968...Apollo 8 returns to the earth after carrying 3
astronauts around the moon. Astronauts Anders, Borman and Lovell
are the first to travel around the moon. One year later, Americans
would walk on the moon.
The Louis and Auguste Lumiere
1895...The first commercial movie is made and then screened at
the Grand Cafe in Paris. Louis and Auguste Lumiere, two French brothers, make
the movie with an invention they call the Cinématographe.
1908...The record breaking
earthquake strikes Southern
Italy. About 100,000 people are killed from the quake and the
Pledge of Allegiance. It is to be recited
while standing and
facing the flag, with the hand over the heart.
Nixon signs the Endangered Species Act. The legislation will protect
both endangered species and the ecosystem that they rely on to survive.
1170...Four knights of King Henry II enter Canterbury Cathedral
and murder Archbishop Thomas Becket.
1845...Texas becomes the 28th state in the USA.
1890...A bloody battle in South Dakota leaves twenty-five US
Calvary and 146 Sioux
Indians dead. This is the last major confrontation between the US
Government and the Indians on the plains.
1940...This is one of the worst nights of bombing England has
seen since the start of the Battle of Britain. Germany bombs
England for fifty-seven consecutive nights, hoping to crush British
morale. They did not.
1922...The Union of Soviet Socialists Republics (USSR) is established.
This comes after the fall of the Russian Empire. This is the first country
to be based on Marxist socialism. Countries
Russia, The Ukraine and Georgia.
1853...A treat is signed with
Mexico that establishes the southern border of the United States. The US also
pays for and acquired land in Arizona and New Mexico.
becomes President of The Philippines. His regime would become
authoritarian and corrupt.
1775...The Patriots attempt, unsuccessfully, to capture Quebec under the
leadership of Coronel Richard Montgomery and Colonel Benedict
Arnold. Montgomery dies in battle, while Arnold exhibits heroic
concern for his men.
idol Rick Nelson, known for his role in the Ozzie and Harriet show and his
pop music, dies in a
plane crash over Texas.
1999...The United States turns over control of the strategic Panama Canal to the
country of Panama. The Panama Canal cost $375 million
dollars to build, and takes 5,600 lives. In the treaty with Panama, the
United States retains the right to defend this strategic canal against any
threats to its neutrality.
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Notable Historic Events
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