Charles De Gaulle
1958...De Gaulle is elected President of
He is the first president elected after a new constitution
1988...Pan American Flight
101, going from
New York, explodes over Lockerbie, Scotland. All 254 passengers and
the 16 crew members are killed.
Eleven people on the ground are also perish. The explosion is traced to a
bomb placed in the cargo hold. Islamic terrorists from Libya are accused
of planting the bomb.
1991...Eleven of the
Soviet republics announce that they are forming the Commonwealth of
Independent States (CIS). The
Soviet Union is over.
Ludwig van Beethoven
1808...Beethoven's Fifth Symphony premiers in Vienna. Adverse performance
conditions causes the presentation to be less than favorably received.
Russian writer Fyodor
convicted of anti-government activities. He is put in front of a firing
squad. At the last minute hislife is spared, and
he is sent to a labor camp.
1964...After General Sherman's long march from
Atlanta to the
Sherman captures Savannah. This was the last remaining Confederate port city. Sherman wires
President Lincoln, telling him that the conquest of Savannah is his
gorillas are captured in Africa and placed in the
Ohio Zoo. The female
to a baby gorilla named Colo. Colo becomes the first
gorilla born in
his post as the head of the
and heads home to Mt. Vernon. Although
Washington could have taken control of the Colonies, as some even wanted him
king, he paves the way for the democracy by withdrawing himself from the
1888...The Dutch painter Van Gogh, suffering from
depression, cuts off the lower part of his
ear while shaving. While
the work of Van Gogh is held in high esteem today, during his lifetime Van Gogh
is poor and only sells one
1986...The aircraft Voyager, completes the first nonstop
flight around the earth without refueling. The Voyager, piloted by
Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, only has 5 gallons of fuel lift in its tank when
it completes the 25,012 mile trip around the earth.
1814...The War of 1812 comes to an end with the treaty signed at Ghent,
Belgium. The border of the
is to be settled at a
1943...General Eisenhower is appointed the Supreme Commander of the Allied
1851...A fire at the Library of
destroys 2/3 of its collection.
The books include the personal library of
Thomas Jefferson. The Library of
will go on to become one of
the largest libraries in the world.
invades Afghanistan. They capture Kabul within a few
days, but the ensuing war lasts for nine years. Finally, with with no
hope of victory in sight, the
begin withdrawing in 1988.
1914...A truce is declared on Christmas Day during
soldiers fighting in the trenches for
stop fighting. They wish each other
Christmas, sing carols, exchange
presents. and join together to play a
1941...Bing Crosby sings the song White Christmas, by
Irving Berlin, on the
It becomes one of the best selling and most
loved songs of all time.
George Washington and the troops of the
cross the Delaware
in the bitter
This strategic move enables them to surprise the
Hessians and win the battle at Trenton,
led by General
George Washington, surround and overwhelm the German Hessians at the Battle
of Trenton. This is the first major victory for the Patriots. Together
Crossing of the Delaware the previous night, the Patriots are inspired to keep
1946...Bugsy Siegel opens the Flamingo Hotel in
The grand opening
is a flop. Bugsy is murdered a year later
because of his handling of the
money made from the hotel.
earthquake off the coast of
Indonesia triggers an equally massive
tsunami wrecks havoc from Southeast Asia to Somalia.
It kills an estimated 230,000 people and leaves a million
Anders, Borman and Lovell
Music Hall opens in New York City,
New York. The Art Deco structure is
the largest indoor
theater in the world.
WWII. Rationing begins on
automobile tires to support the war effort. No driver in the
allowed to own more than five tires.
1968...Apollo 8 returns to the earth after carrying three
astronauts around the
Astronauts Anders, Borman and Lovell
are the first to travel around the
One year later, Americans
astronauts will walk on the
1895...Louis and Auguste Lumiere, two
French brothers, make
It is screened at the Grand Cafe
Paris, France. This becomes the first commercial viewing of a movie.
Pledge of Allegiance.
It is to be recited
while standing and
The hand is to be placed over the
Nixon signs the Endangered Species Act. This legislation will protect
both endangered species and the ecosystem that they rely on to survive.
1170...Four knights of King Henry II enter Canterbury Cathedral
and murder Archbishop Thomas Becket.
1845...Texas becomes the 28th state in the
United States of America.
1890...A bloody battle in
leaves twenty-five US
Calvary and 146 Sioux
Indians dead. This is the last major confrontation between the US
Government and the
Indians on the plains.
1940...This is one of the worst nights of bombing
seen since the start of the Battle of Britain. Germany has been
for fifty-seven consecutive nights, hoping to crush
morale. They do not succeed.
1922...The Union of Soviet Socialists Republics (USSR) is established.
This comes after the fall of the
Empire. This is the first country
to be based on Marxist socialism. Countries
the Ukraine and Georgia.
1853...A treaty is signed with
that establishes the southern border of the
United States. The
States pay for and acquires
becomes President of The Philippines. His regime will become
authoritarian and corrupt.
1775...The Patriots attempt, unsuccessfully, to capture Quebec under the
leadership of Coronel Richard Montgomery and Colonel Benedict
Arnold. Montgomery dies in battle, while Arnold exhibits heroic
concern for his men. Unfortunately, Benedict Arnold will later become one of the
most infamous traitors in early American history.
idol Rick Nelson, known for his role in the Ozzie and Harriet show and his
pop music, dies in a
plane crash over
turns over control of the strategic
Panama Canal to the
country of Panama. The
Panama Canal cost $375 million
dollars to build. It took 5,600 lives. In the treaty with
retains the right to defend this strategic canal against any
threats to its neutrality.