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"Did You Know..."
Notable Historic Events
for the Month of February
President Richard M. Nixon
US Supreme Court
meets for the first time with six judges appointed by President
Washington and confirmed by the
Senate. John Jay is the Chief Justice.
The associate judges are John Blair of
Virginia, William Cushing of
Massachusetts, Robert Harrison of
Maryland, John Rutledge of
South Carolina and
James Wilson of
first meeting of the
Supreme Court is held in the Royal Exchange Building in
New York City.
1968...Richard Nixon announces he will run for
space shuttle Columbia
breaks up entering the earth's atmosphere, killing all seven crew members.
When the shuttle was launched a piece of foam insulation broke off from the
shuttle's propellant tank. It is thought it did not do serious damage.
It did. It hit the shuttle's left wing and damaged the heat resistant tiles.
When the shuttle reenters the earth's atmosphere the heat and wind enter the
left wing of the shuttle and blow it apart, causing the shuttle to disintegrate.
1847...The first person of the Donner Party perishes as the group tries to make their way to
California through the Sierra Nevada
National League of Baseball
Ground Hog Day
is celebrated in Punxsutawney,
Pennsylvania. Predicting the weather on February
2nd is a long-time tradition in
Germany. Local newspaper editor Clymer Freas continues
the tradition in American with the use of a groundhog named Phil. If Punxsutawney Phil sees his shadow on
February 2nd six more weeks of
winter weather lay ahead. If he doesn't see his shadow there will be an
1944...The Marshall Islands are captured by
US troops during WWII.
plane crash in
Iowa takes the lives of Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and
J.P. Richardson. The tragedy becomes known as The Day the Music Died.
1966...The Soviets launches Lunik 9, and it goes on to successfully land on the
1874...Patty Hearst is kidnapped, and the nation becomes acquainted with the
Stockholm syndrome. Patty Hearst is 19 years old. She is the daughter
newspaper publisher Randolph Hearst. She is kidnapped from
her apartment in Berkley,
California, and thrown into the trunk of a
car. The SLA, a
small leftist group, takes responsibility for the kidnapping. They
declare Patty a "prisoner of war." Patty is held prisoner for several
months, during which time she declares herself sympathetic to their cause.
She joins them for a
bank robbery. She goes on trial for that crime. She
jail, but the length of her sentence is commuted by
President Carter become of brainwashing by her captors and effects of the
Stockholm Syndrome. (She is later pardoned by
1938...Disney releases Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.
1631...Colonist Roger Williams arrives in America. Roger Williams is a
religious leader from
England. Roger Williams gets in trouble in
Massachusetts for disagreeing with the community's
religious dissension and his criticism of the confiscation of
Indian land. He is banished from the Colony and starts a new one in present day
Other political and religious dissenters join him, including Anne
Hutchinson, the Quakers and the first Jewish settlers in America. It is
here that Roger Williams founds the first Baptist Church in America.
The Immigration Act.
vetoed the bill the prior week. It now passes with more than a 2/3
1952...Elizabeth becomes Queen of England.
1985...The Reagan Doctrine is announced by
President Reagan during the State of the Union Address.
submarine sinks the the US passenger ship California.
is trying to keep out of WWI, but Germany is making it difficult.
Germany feels free to attack any boat near
England. When the
Lusitania is sunk, almost 2,000 people die, including
President Wilson warns Germany to stop these attacks. Germany responds
three days later
that sinks the
off the coast of
killing 43 people. Then, in a intelligence coup that would alter the course of
British intelligence agents intercept and decode a telegram from
Germany to Mexico which proposes an alliance between Germany and Mexico if the
United States enters the war. Mexico is promised American land. The combination of these
incidents finally forces the
States to enter the war.
The Beatles arrive in New York
tsunami occurs in
River and the
runs backward for several hours.
1964...The Beatles arrive in New York
New York. The flight arrives at Kennedy Airport. Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr, John
Lennon and George Harrison descend to a
crowd of 3,000 screaming fans. Two
days later they appear on the Ed Sullivan Show. Approximately 73 million
American households (40% of the population) watch it on
Mary, Queen of Scots
1943...It took 6 long months, but the Americans finally secure the Guadalcanal.
The Allies have been fighting a defensive war, until now. This changes when they
land at Guadalcanal. Although they meet little resistence during the
surprise landing, the ensuing fight continues for six long months. The Japanese
fight to take back the air base under construction. Both sides suffer heavy
losses. Realizing they are outnumbered the Japanese finally evacuate the
Island. The victory of the Allies at Guadalcanal keeps open the supply
lines to Australia and New Zealand.
Along with the Battle of Midway, this victory at Guadalcanal marks
the Allies in the Pacific War.
1587...Mary, Queen of Scots, is beheaded.
1924...The first execution by legal gas in the
United States occurs in Carson City,
1925...The US Presidential election is
decided in the
House of Representatives.
John Quincy Adams wins the
1950...Joseph McCarthy warns the State
1964...The Beatles appear on the Ed
1846...Under the leadership of Brigham Young the
Mormons begin their exodus to
Utah. Under the leadership of
President Young the
will "blossom as a rose." Not only do the
but they start colonies in
California, and help to the build the American Frontier.
1861...The Confederate States have a
Constitutional Convention in Montgomery,
The delegates choose
Jefferson Davis to be the president of the new Confederate States of America.
Pilot Francis Gary Powers comes home in a
prisoner exchange with the Soviet Union.