Florida Purchase gives the rest of
Florida to the
After numerous boundary disputes,
John Quincy Adams, serving as the Secretary of State under
President James Monroe, signs a Treaty with Spain in which it acquires the
General Andrew Jackson, the hero of the War of 1812,
appointed the military governor.
made up of amateur players, performs a "Miracle on Ice" at the Lake Placid
Winter Olympics. They beat the highly favored Soviet team, which is
made up of professional players. 1942...President
Franklin D. Roosevelt orders MacArthur to get out of the Philippines. The
Japanese are coming and the president wants him to evacuate to Australia and
continue his command from there.
US Flag raised on Iwo Jima
is raised on
Iwo Jima is a small
island 750 miles south of Japan.
Iwo Jima has two air fields. The
Iwo Jima to protect its bombers and to provide a base for its fighter planes
near Japan. Japanese and American forces engage in a bloody 36-day battle.
The battle takes 6,000 American lives, and injures 17,000. When the
Marines scale Mount Suribachi and raise the
the battle is not yet
over. The iconic picture of the
flag being raised over
Iwo Jima symbolizes the bravery
and sacrifice of American
soldiers during WWII.
1455 ...Johannes Gutenberg prints his first
Johannes Gutenberg is running a printing business in Mainz,
Germany. Between 1440 and 1445 he invents the world's first movable
printing press. By 1855 he prints a Latin version of the
Between 150 and 200 copies are printed.
The printing of the
will go on to change
Christianity as it makes the
available for reading and interpretation to more than just the clergy.
Previous to the printing press copies were handmade, usually by
monks. It took years to make just one copy. You can find a copy from the
original printing of the
in the Library of Congress in the
United States of America.
1836...Realizing they were being overpowered, the defenders of
the Alamo call for help.
Andrew Johnson becomes the first
President to be
1991...The Gulf War continues as ground forces enter Kuwait and
1862...In order to raise
money for the Civil War,
Congress passes the Legal Tender Act.
This enables the government to print
money that is not backed by
1870...Hiram Revels becomes the first African American to be
sworn into the
Senate and to sit in
The Grand Tetons
1919...After repeated attempts to make the
Grand Canyon a National Park, it is finally achieved in 1919. President
Woodrow Wilson signs the Act to establish the
Grand Canyon Park in the state of
Grand Canyon covers one million acres. It is 277 miles in length, and at one
point is 18 miles across. The Colorado
River cuts through the bottom of the
Native Americans once had the park to themselves. Now several tribes,
including the Hopi and Navajo, share the
Grand Canyon each year with 5 million
visitors that come to view this amazing natural wonder.
1929...The Grand Tetons are
made a National Park. The Grand Teton National Park is located in the state of
Wyoming. The park covers 310,000 acres. It is 45 miles long and 26 miles
wide. The Park is only 10 miles south of
Yellowstone National Park, which was
made a National Park in 1872. Grand Teton National Park is famous for
mountain scenery and wildlife.
1935...Hitler organizes the Luftwaffe.
1993...The World Trade Center is bombed.
Suffragettes and Voting Rights
Mardi Gras is held in New Orleans,
1864...Prisoners from the civil war begin arriving at the
1922...The 19th Amendment passes, giving women the right to
1784...John Wesley charters the first Methodist
Church in America. John Wesley is a member of the Anglican
He is banned from the Anglican
church for some of his practices, which are
deemed unorthodox. He begins
teaching in the open air. He and his
followers feel the need for more structure, which leads to the formation of the
1861...Congress creates the Territory of
1993...Federal Agents raid a cult compound in
becomes the first African American actress to win an Oscar, for her role as a
housemaid in the movie