"Did You Know..."
Notable Historic Events
for the Month of January
The Grand Canyon
President Theodore Roosevelt
Grand Canyon a National Monument. In 1919 it will become a National Park.
1964...The Surgeon General of the
United States issues the first
report that smoking may be dangerous.
1973 The American
Baseball League adopts the designated hitter rule. Pitchers
no longer have to enter the
sets a speed record of
over 91 mph with a 4-wheel vehicle dubbed the 999.
1932...Hattie Ophelia Caraway, from
becomes the first woman elected to the
1929...Wyatt Earp dies in
California, at the age of 80.
1962...Comedian Ernie Kovacs is killed in a
car crash while driving a Chevrolet Corvair.
1982...A Boeing 727 plunges into the Potomac River in Washington D.C, killing 78
people and giving
America two new heroes. Arland Williams passes the lifeline
to others until it is too late for himself. Lenny Skutnik jumps into the
freezing water and
swims to rescue one of the passengers.
Marilyn Monroe and Joe DiMaggio
1773...The revolutionary war ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. The
colonies are now recognized as the
United States of America.
1954...Marilyn Monroe marries
(FDR) travels to Morocco to meet with
Winston Churchill and
becomes the first
States President to travel by
Queen Elizabeth I
1559...Elizabeth Tudor, the daughter of Anne Boleyn and Henry VIII is crowned
1967...The Green Bay Packers play the Kansas City Chiefs in the first world
championship game of
football. It is later called the
2009...Captain Sullenberger brings down his
New York's Hudson river,
sparing the lives of 250 passengers and 5 members of the crew. This becomes
known as the Miracle on the Hudson.
1919...The 18th Amendment to the
U.S. Constitution is ratified and Prohibition begins. It is now
illegal to manufacture, sell or transport alcohol. In spite of the best efforts of
the Department of the Treasury to enforce this law,
they cannot stop the mass distribution of alcohol. In
1933 Prohibition is repealed with the 21st Amendment.
1942...Carole Lombard, the beautiful American
actress and wife of Clark Gable, is killed in a
She is returning home after raising
money for the war when her
crashes into a
mountain. Everyone dies instantly, including her mother and fifteen
1991...The Persian Gulf War begins when Saddam Hussein, the dictator of Iraq, invades Kuwait with his
eye on Saudi Arabia. The
United Nations tells him to withdraw. He
refuses to leave. The
United Nations forms a coalition of 34
countries, led by the
United States, to fight Saddam and the Iraq
1916... The Professional
Golf Association (PGA) is formed.
1950..."There is money in them there
mountains!" The largest
bank robbery in modern times occurs in Boston,
Massachusetts at the Brinks
Armored Car depot. Eleven men take part in the planning of the robbery,
and the thieves managed to steal 2 million
dollars. They come just short of getting away with the crime, falling just
short of the statue of limitations. The criminals turn on each other,
and one of them makes a deal with the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and
testifies against the others. The bulk of the
money is never found, and it is rumored to be hidden in the hills north of
Captain James Cook
English explorer Captain James Hook
sails by Oahu and discovers the
Hawaiian Islands. At first he and his
crew are treated warmly by the Islanders. When one of his crew dies, the
Islanders lose respect for him and become hostile. They end up fighting.
Hawaiian chief is shot to death, and an angry
mob kills Captain Cook.
Congress for money to fund the exploration of the West by
Lewis and Clark.
1912...After an exhausting two-month trek, Robert Scott reaches the South Pole.
There he learns that the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen beat him to the South
Pole by one month. Amundsen and Scott have an undeclared race to the
South Pole. Things go smoothly for Amundsen's group, but Scott's men run
into problems from the start. They stop to wait out a storm just eleven miles short of returning
to their base camp. They all freeze to death in their
zeppelin drops bombs on
England suffers its
first casualties from an air attack.
1966...Indira Gandhi becomes prime minister of India. She becomes the
first woman ever elected Prime Minister of India.
British invasion of China in 1839, and the subsequent Opium
War, China turns the rule of Hong Kong rule over to the
British. Hong Kong becomes a Crown Colony. It remains a Crown Colony until 1997, when it
reverts to Chinese sovereignty.
1981...Ronald Reagan becomes the 40th
President of the United States.
1996...Yasser Arafat is elected leader of Palestine. He uses the Palestine Liberation
Organization (PLO) to try and destroy Israel. He attacks villages and
civilian infrastructure. He becomes known as the father of modern day terrorism.