Supreme Court reaches
a decision in the Roe v. Wade case. The Supreme Court
rules that it is legal for women to have an abortion within the first three months of
1998...Ted Kaczynski admits in court to being the Unabomber.
2012...Retail giant Kmart files for Chapter 11
bankruptcy protection. The general consensus is that
Kmart never found its niche. Wal-Mart pulls in the "everyday low price" crowd, and Target the "style on a
budget" crowd. Kmart never finds a following.
The US Pueblo
hits the market.
1969...The USS Pueblo, a Navy
intelligence ship traveling along the coast of
Korea in international waters, is captured by North
Korea. After an
artillery barrage, the
83 crew members surrender and are taken to Pyongyang where they are charged with spying and put in
Koreans imprison the
for a gruesome eleven months. Finally the two countries come to an agreement and the prisoners
are released. The Koreans go on to shoot down a
US Navy aircraft the following
year, killing all 31 men aboard.
announces that a peace agreement has been reached to bring the
Vietnam War to a close.
is discovered in America.
In the Sacramento valley, just east of
San Francisco in the state of
a millwright named James Marshall discovers
gold at Sutter's Creek. Marshall is in the process of digging up dirt
to redirect water for
a mill when he notices shiny speckles in the freshly dug up earth. Marshall tells Sutter and the discovery is confirmed.
Word spreads, and one of the greatest gold rushes in history
Boy Scouts is organized. Baden-Powell's handbooks
are used to teach young men about camping, observation,
woodcraft, lifesaving and more. At the same time the boys are taught
the the importance of good moral character and doing good deeds.
1972...A Japanese soldier is found
hiding on the Island of Guam. It is
twenty-seven years after the end of WWII.
He does not want to surrender to America.
He thinks it disgraceful to be captured alive. He eventually finds out the war is over, but stays in hiding hoping the
Japanese will return to the Island. Finally he is
convinced that it is time to go home. He returns to Japan and is hailed as a
Note: In another couple of years soldiers will also be found in the Philippines and in
General Richard Montgomery
1776...First national memorial is ordered to honor slain revolutionary war hero
General Richard Montgomery. Montgomery is a Brigadier General in the
Army. He is one of the first Generals in the Revolutionary War to lose his
life on the battlefield. After taking Montreal, Montgomery is killed in the
Battle of Quebec.
Winter Olympics is held in Chamonix, France.
1961...First live television
news conference is held by President Kennedy.
1788...735 convicts arrive in Botany Bay,
Australia. They are the first prisoners to be held at the new
English penal colony in Botany Bay, Australia. The English
do not want to build prisons. Since they do not want to keep
people among them that commit crime, they either have to kill them or send them away. Some of the prisoners are
guilty of no more than stealing food because they are hungry.
English punishment is severe. When England can
no longer send prisoners to America, they choose
Australia. It takes six months for the
prisoners to reach Australia. The
prisoners are chained beneath the deck for the entire voyage, and many perish. Over the next 60 years, 50,000 criminals will be
transported from England to the penal colonies in
writes that he is unhappy the eagle has been chosen to
symbolize America. He thinks the
turkey a more respectable
Astronauts Grissom, White and Chafee
1888...The National Geographic Society is founded.
1967... Fire at Cape Canaveral takes the lives of three
Gus Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chafee are inside the space
capsule running a simulation for their upcoming launch when the capsule catches
fire. The fire is traced to a faulty electric wire inside the Apollo I
command module. The three
astronauts become the first
Americans to die in a spacecraft.
nuclear bomb is detonated at a test site in
The Space Shuttle Challenger
Chrysler building is completed in New York.
It will hold the record as the world's tallest building
until the Empire State Building is completed
one year later.
1986...The space shuttle Challenger
launch fails, killing all the astronauts
as well as civilian teacher Christa McAuliffe.
Lieutenant Erwin Rommel
the 34th state in the United States of America.
1936...The Baseball Hall of Fame inducts its first members. Among its first inductees are Ty Cobb and Babe Ruth.
1915...Lieutenant Erwin Rommel begins a daring mission to
France. He is rewarded the Iron Cross for his success, and becomes a famous
German general in
1948...Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated.
1933...Hitler is appointed chancellor by
German president Hindenburg, as the Nazi party is the largest of the minority parties in the Reichstag. Hitler immediately
abuses his power to become a dictator, although he was never elected by a majority of the
1972...In Ireland British
soldiers fire on unarmed civic rights demonstrators.
The event became known as Bloody Sunday.