1863...The Battle of Gettysburg begins. It will become the largest
conflict in American history.
1997...Hong Kong is peaceably retuned to
China after 156 years of rule by
Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act The Act prohibits racial discrimination in employment and
education, and discrimination at public places.
Continental Congress convenes and adopts a resolution for independence from Great Britain.
is shot in the back and arm while walking through a
railroad waiting room. He will die eighty days later of blood poisoning.
Amelia Earhart disappears while flying in the middle of the Pacific
She is flyingfrom New Guinea to Howland Island.
General Robert E. Lee
1775...American troops gather at Cambridge,
George Washington formally takes command of the
1863...General Pickett leads his doomed Confederate charge against Union Lines
on the final day of the Battle of Gettysburg. General Lee gives the order to send General Pickett forward.
It is one of his greatest blunders.
becomes the 43rd State in the
United States of America.
Continental Congress adopts the
Declaration of Independence. The colonies announce their separation from
England. They proclaim
themselves The United States
1826...The second and third Presidents,
John Adams and Thomas Jefferson,
die on the same day. They both die on the 4th of July. The date is exactly 50 years after the signing of the
Declaration of Independence.
celebrate independence by marching through Paris
to the tune of Marquis de Lafayette. Lafayette was French
general and politician who aided the
Continental Army during the American Revolution.
He was appointed a major general by the
He provided tactical leadership and resources from France
to aid the colonists in their fight against the
1865...Revivalist preacher William Booth and his wife Catherine establish the
which will become known as the Salvation Army.
is discovered by Sam Phillips, the owner and operator of Sun Records in Memphis,
He records Elvis Presley's
first record That's All Right Mama.
1975...Arthur Ashe defeats the heavily favored Jimmy Connors at
Wimbledon. He is the first black man to win Wimbledon.
1862...TheTerritorial Enterprise, a newspaper in
Virginia City, Nevada,
news stories by Samuel Clemens. Clemens publishes under the pseudonym of Mark Twain.
1942...Thirteen-year-old Anne Frank writes in her
diary that she and her family are forced to take refuge in a secret loft of
a warehouse in Nazi-occupied Holland.
1988...There is an explosion on the Piper Alpha
in the North Sea off the coast of Scotland. The resulting fire gives off toxic fumes.
There are 225 workers aboard the
platform. Many jump from the
platform and are killed by the fall. Others slip down pipes to the burning water below.
Those who survive the explosion and aftermath are rescued by nearby
and boats. A total of 167 workers are killed. It is the worst offshore
oil-rig disaster in history.
1912...Jim Thorpe, a
Native American, wins the Pentathlon and the Decathlon at the
He will gain fame as the greatest athlete in the world.
1976...Women can now enroll in the U.S. Academy at West Point. Four years later 62 women
will graduate and be commissioned as Second Lieutenants.
nominates a woman for the Supreme Court.
Sandra Day O'Connor, an
Arizona Court of Appeals Judge, is the first woman to be nominated for the
1918...Ernst Hemmingway is severely wounded during WWI. He is serving on the
Italian front as an
ambulance driver for the Red Cross. He is wounded while carrying a companion to safety. He
is decorated for his bravery and then he is sent home.
1950...General Douglas MacArthur, the hero of the war against Japan, is placed
in command of all the
United Nation Forces in Korea.
England Croquet and Lawn
Tennis Club create and host the first Lawn
Tennis Tournament. It is held in a suburb of
London called Wimbledon.
cryptologists break the
German Army Secret Code. The Enigma (coding machine) was thought to be unbreakable.
1962...Bob Dylan introduces a powerful protest
song when he performs Blowing in the Wind in
New York City.
flies around the world in a record 91 hours. This beats the previous record by
Germany begins 3 1/2 months of bombing raids in preparation to invade
England. This prolonged attack by the Luftwaffe,
Germany's Air Force, becomes known as The Battle of Britain.
Royal Air Force will successfully defend
England, and the
German effort will fail.
United StatesPatent Office issues a patent for a 3 Point
Automobile Safety Belt for use in
road vehicles. The belt is designed by Swedish Engineer Nils Bohlin.
2018... The boys are out...all of them! Twelve young
boys and their
soccer (football) coach have been trapped in a cave deep in the ground
in Northern Thailand for two weeks. They have no
food, and it is dark.
Water has flooded the cave and they can't get out. When it is realized the
group is missing, help floods to Thailand to find them. To find them is a
miracle. To bring them out would be an ever greater miracle. Finally, with
the collective work of dozens of professionals from around the world, including
US Navy Seals, they are brought out over 3 days, one by one. It was an
impossible mission, and the world breathes a grateful, collective sigh.