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"Did You Know..."
Notable Historic Events
for the Month of
United States Zip Code Explanation
1863...The Battle of Gettysburg begins. It will become
military conflict in American history.
1997...Hong Kong is peaceably retuned to China after 156 years
of rule by
1963...Zip Codes are introduced in the
United States to help
1964...President Lyndon B. Johnson
signs the Civil Rights Act. The Act prohibits racial discrimination in employment and
and discrimination at public places.
convenes and adopts a resolution for
independence from Great Britain.
1881...President Garfield is shot in the back and arm while walking through a
waiting room. He will die eighty days later of blood poisoning.
1937...Aviator Amelia Earhart disappears while flying
in the middle of the Pacific
She is flying
from New Guinea to Howland
General Robert E. Lee
1775...American troops gather at Cambridge,
formally takes command of the
1863...General Pickett leads his doomed Confederate charge against Union Lines
on the final day of the Battle of Gettysburg. General Lee gives the order
to send General Pickett forward. It is one of his greatest blunders.
becomes the 43rd State in the
United States of America.
adopts the Declaration of Independence.
The colonies announce their separation from
England. They proclaim
The United States
1826...The second and third Presidents,
John Adams and
Thomas Jefferson, die on the
same day. They both die on the 4th of July. The date is exactly 50 years after the signing of the
celebrate independence by marching through Paris to the
tune of Marquis de Lafayette. Lafayette was a French general and
politician who aided the
Continental Army during the American Revolution. He was appointed a major
general by the
Continental Congress. He provided tactical leadership and
resources from France to aid the colonists in their fight against the
1865...Revivalist preacher William Booth and his wife Catherine establish the
which will become known as the Salvation Army.
1954...Elvis Presley is discovered by Sam Phillips, the owner and operator of Sun Records in Memphis,
Tennessee. He records Elvis Presley's first record That's
All Right Mama.
1975...Arthur Ashe defeats the heavily favored Jimmy Connors at
Wimbledon. He is the
first black man to win Wimbledon.
Territorial Enterprise, a newspaper in
news stories by Samuel Clemens. Clemens publishes under the
pseudonym of Mark Twain.
1942...Thirteen-year-old Anne Frank writes in her
diary that she and her family are forced to take refuge in a secret loft of
a warehouse in Nazi-occupied Holland.
1988...There is an explosion on the Piper Alpha
in the North Sea off the coast of Scotland. The resulting fire
gives off toxic fumes.
There are 225 workers aboard the
Many jump from the
and are killed by the
fall. Others slip down pipes to the burning water below. Those who survive the explosion
and aftermath are
rescued by nearby
helicopters and boats. A total of 167 workers are killed.
It is the worst offshore
oil-rig disaster in history.
1912...Jim Thorpe, a
Native American, wins the Pentathlon
and the Decathlon at the
in Stockholm, Sweden. He will gain fame as the greatest athlete in the
1976...Women can now enroll in the U.S. Academy at West Point. Four years
later 62 women will graduate and be commissioned as Second Lieutenants.
1981...President Reagan nominates a woman for the
Supreme Court. Sandra Day O'Connor, an
Arizona Court of Appeals Judge, is
the first woman to be nominated for the
1918...Ernst Hemmingway is severely wounded during WWI. He is serving on the
Italian front as an
ambulance driver for the Red Cross. He is wounded while
carrying a companion to safety. He is decorated for his bravery and then he is
1950...General Douglas MacArthur, the hero of the war against Japan, is placed
in command of all the
United Nation Forces in Korea.
England Croquet and Lawn
Club create and
host the first Lawn
It is held in a suburb of London called Wimbledon.
1941...British cryptologists break the
German Army Secret Code. The
Enigma (coding machine) was thought to be unbreakable.
1962...Bob Dylan introduces a powerful protest
song when he performs Blowing
in the Wind in
New York City.
flies around the world in a
hours. This beats the previous record by four days.
1940...Germany begins 3 1/2 months of
bombing raids in preparation to invade
prolonged attack by the Luftwaffe,
becomes known as
Battle of Britain.
Royal Air Force will successfully defend
effort will fail.
United States Patent Office issues a patent for a 3 Point
Automobile Safety Belt for use in
The belt is designed by Swedish Engineer
2018... The boys are out...all of them! Twelve young
boys and their
soccer (football) coach have been trapped in a cave deep in the ground
in Northern Thailand for two weeks. They have no
food, and it is dark.
Water has flooded the cave and they can't get out. When it is realized the
group is missing, help floods to Thailand to find them. To find them is a
miracle. To bring them out would be an ever greater miracle. Finally, with
the collective work of dozens of professionals from around the world, including
US Navy Seals, they are brought out over 3 days, one by one. It was an
impossible mission, and the world breathes a grateful, collective sigh.