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Notable Historic Events

July 21st

John Scopes

John Scopes

365...After a sizeable earthquake the resulting tsunami hits Alexandria, Egypt, devastating the city and killing thousands in the area.  The farmland becomes useless for years and the coastline is altered. 

1861...The Battle of Bull Run becomes the first major land battle of the Civil War. General Irvin McDowell leads the Union forces and General Pierre Beauregard leads the Confederate forces. The battle is fought in Manassas, Virginia. About 35,000 Union Troops go against 20,000 Confederate Troops along a small river called Bull Run. They fight all day.  The South finally breaks through the Union line. The Union retreats. The South gains new confidence after this battle, while the North is left thinking "what happened?"

1925...John Scopes, a teacher in Tennessee, is brought to trial for violating school law and teaching evolution.  The Scopes trial becomes known both as The Trial of the Century and The Monkey Trial.

2007...The Deathly Hollows is released.  It is the seventh and final Harry Potter novel.  Twelve million copies have been printed.

July 22nd

John Dillinger

John Dillinger

1793...Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Coast.  He is a Scotsman who has been living in Canada. When he reaches the Pacific Ocean he becomes the first Euro-American to cross the American continent north of Mexico. Yet he considers his trek a failure, as he does not find the commercial route he was looking for.  He will eventually return to Scotland and never return to America. The things Mackenzie discovered on his journey become part of the reason President Thomas Jefferson asks Congress for money to fund the 2-year journey of Lewis and Clark to the Pacific Northwest.

1933...Wiley Post becomes the first Aviator to fly solo around the world.  He does it in 7 days, 18 hours and 49 minutes.

1234...John Dillinger, America's Public Enemy No. 1, is gunned down by Federal Agents outside a theater in Chicago, Illinois.  Dillinger is wanted for robbing 11 banks, and killing 7 policeman and 3 Federal Agents.

July 23rd

 Women's Gymnastics

1967...Racially charged riots break out in Detroit, Michigan, leaving 43 people dead and 342 people injured.  An estimated 1,400 buildings are destroyed by fire, and 7,000 National Guard Troops and Army Reserve members are called to the scene.

1976...Members of the American Legion gather in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to celebrate the  bicentennial of the United States. The Legionnaire members start getting ill for unknown reasons.  The unknown disease is later labeled as Legionnaires'  Disease.

1996...The United States Women's Gymnastic Team, nicknamed "The Magnificent 7",  proudly brings home the Gold Medal for team competition at the Summer Olympics held in Atlanta, Georgia.   This is the first time an  American gymnastics team has won the team competition.

July 24th

Neal Armstrong

 Neil Armstrong

1847...Members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, led by Brigham Young, arrive in the Salt Lake Valley.  President Young utters the words This is the Place, and the Saints begin preparations for the thousands who will follow. By 1852 some 16,000 people will have made the trek to the Salt Lake Valley.  Those who cannot  afford to purchase a wagon make the journey on foot, pushing and pulling a handcart.  The pioneer members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (often referred to as Mormons) will  go on to colonize the West and Utah will become a state in 1896.

1911...Ruins of the South American Incas in Peru, Machu Picchu, are viewed by American archeologist Hiram Bingham. 

1915...Eight hundred people perish after The Eastland, a steamboat ferry, overturns while at dock in the Chicago River.

1969...Apollo 11 astronauts arrive safely back on earth after a successful voyage to the moon.

July 25th

Rock Hudson

Rock Hudson

1978...The first test tube baby is born in Manchester, England.  The baby is conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF). The baby is named Louise Joy Brown.

1985...American actor Rock Hudson shocks the world when he goes public and announces that he has AIDS. 

2000...The Concorde jet crashes outside of Paris.  All 102 people aboard the aircraft are killed. The Concorde fleet is grounded while the accident is investigated.

July 26th

Grasshopper Plague Damage

Grasshopper Damage

1775...The Second Continental Congress establishes the United States Post Office, with Ben Franklin assuming the job of the first Postmaster General.

1908...The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is created from the Department of Justice.  The job of the FBI is to enforce federal law.

1931...The Midwest is overcome with grasshoppers.  They destroy millions of acres.  This adds to the hardship of the Great Depression.

July 27th

Bob Hope entertaining the Troops

Bob Hope

1953...After three years of fighting, North and South Korea sign an armistice. This brings the Korean War to an end.

1976...The House of Representatives requests the impeachment of President Nixon. He is accused of crimes resulting from a break-in at the Watergate hotel by political operatives. While President Nixon did not engage in planning the break-in, he participated in the cover-up after the crime. President Richard M. Nixon will become the first President to voluntary leave the White House.  He resigns his position as President and he and his wife return to their home in San Clemente, California.

2003...The beloved American actor and comedian Bob Hope dies at the age of 100. In addition to his movies and singing, Bob Hope is known for entertaining the U.S. Troops when they are away from home on holidays.

July 28th

Empire State Building after crash

Empire State Building

1945...A B-25 U.S. Military Bomber crashes into the Empire State Building due to fog.  Three people in the plane are killed as well as eleven people in the building.

1945...The United States Senate approves a charter establishing the United Nations.

1868...Two years after being passed by Congress, three-quarters of the States ratify the Fourteenth Amendment. African Americans are now granted citizenship.

July 29th

The wedding of Prince Charles and Diana Spencer

 Charles and Diana

1909...The newly created General Motors Corporation (GM) buys Cadillac, America's  leading luxury automaker.  The cost is 4.5 million dollars.

1958...The U.S. Congress passes legislation establishing The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).  NASA is to be a civilian agency that coordinates America's activities in space.

1981...Prince Charles marries Lady Diana Spencer Nearly one billion  people, in 74 countries, watch the marriage on television.

July 30th

The Volkswagen Beetle

 Volkswagen Beetle

1956...Two years after inserting the phrase Under God in the Pledge of Allegiance,  President Eisenhower signs a law stating In God We Trust is the Nation's official motto.

1965...Some 19 million are enrolled in Medicare when it goes into effect.  Former President Harry Truman receives the first Medicare Card.

2003...The last of 21,595,464 Volkswagen Beetles rolls off the production line at the Volkswagen plant in Puebla, Mexico.

July 31st

Nolan Ryan

Nolan Ryan

1964...Unmanned lunar probe Ranger 7 takes the first close up images of the moon. They are 1,000 times more clear than the pictures taken by telescopes on the earth.

1975...Jimmy Hoffa, one of the most influential and corrupt labor leaders of the 20th century, disappears in Detroit, Michigan. His death remains a mystery to this day.

1990...Baseball pitcher Nolan Ryan wins the 300th game of his career.  His seven career no-hitter games completely eclipse the next best record of four no-hitters.

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