365...After a sizeable
tsunami hits Alexandria,
Egypt, devastating the city and killing thousands
in the area. The farmland becomes useless for years and the coastline is
1861...The Battle of Bull
Run becomes the first major
land battle of the Civil
War. General Irvin McDowell leads the Union forces and General Pierre Beauregard
leads the Confederate forces. The battle is fought in Manassas,
Virginia. About 35,000 Union
Troops go against 20,000 Confederate
Troops along a small
river called Bull Run. They fight all day. The South finally breaks
through the Union line. The Union retreats. The South gains new confidence after
this battle, while the North is left thinking "what happened?"
1925...John Scopes, a
is brought to trial for violating
school law and
evolution. The Scopes trial becomes
known both as The
Trial of the Century and The Monkey Trial.
2007...The Deathly Hollows is released. It is the seventh and final Harry Potter
Twelve million copies have been printed.
1793...Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Coast. He is a Scotsman who
has been living in
When he reaches the Pacific
Ocean he becomes the first Euro-American to cross the American continent
north of Mexico. Yet he considers his trek a failure, as he does not find the
commercial route he was looking for. He will eventually return to Scotland
and never return to America. The things Mackenzie discovered on his journey
become part of the reason
President Thomas Jefferson asks
Congress for money to fund the 2-year journey of
Lewis and Clark to the Pacific Northwest.
1933...Wiley Post becomes the first
fly solo around the world. He does it in 7 days, 18 hours and 49
1234...John Dillinger, America's Public Enemy No. 1, is gunned down by Federal
Agents outside a
is wanted for robbing 11
and killing 7
policeman and 3 Federal Agents.
1967...Racially charged riots break out in Detroit,
43 people dead and 342 people injured. An estimated 1,400
are destroyed by fire, and 7,000 National Guard
Reserve members are called to the scene.
1976...Members of the American Legion gather in
to celebrate the bicentennial of the
The Legionnaire members start getting
ill for unknown reasons.
The unknown disease is later labeled as Legionnaires' Disease.
1996...The United States Women's
Team, nicknamed "The
Magnificent 7", proudly brings home the Gold Medal for team competition at the
Summer Olympics held in
This is the first time an American gymnastics team has won the team
1847...Members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, led by Brigham Young, arrive in the
Salt Lake Valley.
President Young utters the words This is the Place, and the Saints begin
preparations for the thousands who will follow. By 1852 some 16,000
people will have made the trek to the
Salt Lake Valley. Those who cannot
afford to purchase a wagon make the journey on foot, pushing and pulling a
pioneer members of
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (often referred to as Mormons) will
go on to colonize the West and
will become a state in 1896.
1911...Ruins of the South American Incas in Peru, Machu Picchu, are viewed by
American archeologist Hiram Bingham.
1915...Eight hundred people perish after The Eastland, a
steamboat ferry, overturns while at dock in the Chicago River.
astronauts arrive safely back on earth after a successful voyage to the
1978...The first test tube baby is born in Manchester,
The baby is conceived by
in vitro fertilization (IVF). The baby is named Louise Joy Brown.
1985...American actor Rock Hudson shocks the world when he goes
public and announces that he has AIDS.
Concorde jet crashes outside of
Paris. All 102 people aboard the
aircraft are killed. The
fleet is grounded while the accident is investigated.
Post Office, with
Ben Franklin assuming the job of the first Postmaster General.
1908...The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is created from the Department of Justice.
The job of the FBI is to
enforce federal law.
1931...The Midwest is overcome with
They destroy millions of acres. This adds to the hardship of the Great Depression.
1953...After three years of fighting, North and South
Korea sign an
armistice. This brings the
Korean War to an end.
House of Representatives
requests the impeachment of
President Nixon. He is accused of crimes resulting from a break-in at the
Watergate hotel by political operatives. While
President Nixon did not engage in planning the break-in, he participated in
the cover-up after the crime.
President Richard M. Nixon will become the first
President to voluntary leave the
White House. He resigns his position as
President and he and his wife return to their home in San Clemente,
2003...The beloved American actor and comedian Bob Hope dies at the age of 100.
In addition to his
singing, Bob Hope is known for entertaining the
when they are
away from home on
1945...A B-25 U.S. Military Bomber crashes into the
Building due to fog. Three people in the plane are killed as well as
eleven people in the
United States Senate
approves a charter establishing
1868...Two years after being passed by
States ratify the Fourteenth Amendment. African Americans
are now granted citizenship.
Charles and Diana
1909...The newly created General Motors Corporation (GM) buys
America's leading luxury automaker. The cost is 4.5 million
U.S. Congress passes legislation establishing The National Aeronautics and
Space Administration (NASA). NASA is to be a civilian agency that
coordinates America's activities in space.
1981...Prince Charles marries Lady Diana Spencer Nearly one
billion people, in 74 countries, watch the
1956...Two years after inserting the phrase Under God in the Pledge of
President Eisenhower signs a law stating In God We Trust is the Nation's
1965...Some 19 million are enrolled in Medicare when it goes into effect.
President Harry Truman receives the first Medicare Card.
2003...The last of 21,595,464
Volkswagen Beetles rolls off the production line at the
in Puebla, Mexico.
1964...Unmanned lunar probe Ranger 7 takes the first close up images of
moon. They are 1,000 times more clear than the pictures taken by
telescopes on the earth.
1975...Jimmy Hoffa, one of the most influential and corrupt labor leaders of the
20th century, disappears in Detroit,
Michigan. His death remains a mystery to this day.
pitcher Nolan Ryan wins the 300th game of his career. His seven career
games completely eclipse the next best record of four no-hitters.