1781...The Articles of Confederation are ratified.
becomes the county's first National Park.
The park is over one million acres and it spreads over the states of
becomes famous for its steaming geysers (Old Faithful), bubbling cauldrons, and majestic
1932.. The 20-month-old son of the aviator Charles
Lindbergh is kidnapped from his
home in Hopewell, New Jersey. The
kidnapper uses a ladder to obtain access to the baby's
room on the upper floor. A ransom is paid, but the kidnapper kills the little
baby on the night he takes him. The crime is eventually
solved, a man is executed, and kidnapping becomes a federal offense.
1961...President John F. Kennedy
establishes the Peace Corps. The Peace Corps, under the Department of State, is to be a humanitarian agency, charged with
the job of sending trained America
men and women to developing countries in the world to help and assist them. The Peace Corps is still operational today, with
thousands of volunteers serving in more than
Texas and the Mexican War
passes an act that prohibits the selling of slaves. It is now illegal to bring slaves into any port or place in the
United States or to any area that is within
the jurisdiction of the
independence from Mexico.
1917...Puerto Ricans are granted citizenship.
Congress passes the Missouri
1887...Ann Sullivan meets and begins
6-year old Helen Keller. Helen can neither see nor hear. Ann
her using touch. Helen goes on to
and to become a
and a lecturer. Her story and the story of her tutor are
an inspiration to all who hear it.
1931...Itís been a long time coming, but the Star- Spangled Banner is
finally made the official national anthem of the
United States. In 1916
President Woodrow Wilson signed an executive order to make the Star-Spangled Banner
the anthem of the
United States. Not until 1931 did
Congress pass an act confirming
President Wilsonís executive order.
President Hoover signs the act and the Star-Spangled Banner officially becomes the national anthem of the
United States. The words to the
Star-Spangled Banner were written by Francis Scott Key during the War of 1812. Key was under detainment on a
British ship while the British Royal Navy was bombing Fort McHenry. It was the Battle of Baltimore. All night long he heard
the battle rage. Ft. McHenry was assaulted by 1,800 bombs. Key had no idea what he would see in the morning. When
the sun came up what he saw was the
waving in the wind. It was a glorious sight, and it moved him to pen the words of the Star-Spangled Banner.
President Abraham Lincoln
for the first time.
They meet in
New York City's Federal Hall. Their first order of business is to fulfill the promise to add amendments to the
Constitution that protect personal rights.
These include the right to religious
freedom, the right to bear arms, free speech and freedom of the press. They pass twelve amendments. Ten of them
will be ratified by theStates and
become known as the Bill of Rights.
1861...Abraham Lincoln becomes 16th
President of the United States.
R. Roosevelt becomes the 32nd President
of the United States.
2004...Martha Stewart is convicted of a felony charge. Americaís favorite
Martha Stewart, is found guilty of lying about the sale of stock. Martha sold some shares of
stock after her she received a tip the shares were going to plummet. It is assumed that she sold
her stock as a result of that tip, which amounts to insider trading. Most people thought Martha
would be acquitted, but the jury found her guilty. The verdict could have brought a penalty of up to
20 years in jail. As it was, Martha
Stewart served five months in a federal
prison, five months of house arrest and 2 years of probation. To this day very few people feel
her verdict was fair, and her popularity remains undiminished.
1770...Colonists in America clash with British
troops leading to the Boston Massacre.
1963...Wham-O patents the
Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
Supreme Court reaches its decision in
the Dred Scott Case.
, found in the bark of the willow tree,
is patented by the German owned Bayer Company.
Aspirinhas long been known for curing
headaches and reducing pain. It has not been
popular because of the unpleasant taste of the
drug. Bayer changes this. It makes it more palatable and begins distributing it as a powder. It is highly successful,
and becomes one of the most popular drugs in the world.
Aspirin will go on to be sold over-the-counter
in tablet form.
1952...The trial begins for Ethel and Julius Rosenberg, accused of selling nuclear secrets to the
Alexander Graham Bell
1876...Alexander Graham Bell receives a patent for the invention of the
telephone. Alexander is born in Scotland.
When he moves to America, he gets a job as a teacher at a
school for the deaf. He ends up
marrying one of his former
pupils. Alexander is looking for way to help those who cannot hear. In the process of experimenting with sound he
becomes interested in transmitting speech over wires. He wants to blend aspects of the
telegraph and the phonograph so that people
who are separated can talk to each other. This leads him to the
telephone. Three days after he receives the patent, he transmits the first message over his new invention. It
is to his assistant. He says "Mr. Watson, come here, I need you.".
1965...Martin Luther King
leads a large civil rights march from
Montgomery, the capital of Alabama
The Volkswagen Bus
revolution begins. Living conditions are dismal in Russia.
Russian men, ill-prepared to fight the
Germans, have been dying at an alarming
rate. It is estimated that between 900,000 and 2,500,000
Russians have been killed. At least 1,500,000 Russians
are wounded. Nearly 4,000,000
soldiers are held as POWs. The economy is distressed and there is no food. The government is
unresponsive to the people. Strikes break out and the Russian
people begin to riot. It gets bad and Czar Nicholas is forced to abdicate his throne. A provincial government is set up.
Russia'sturn to Communism is around the corner, as Lenin
makes his way home.
Bus goes into production.
The Barbie Doll
1916...Pancho Villa's gorillas attack the border town of Columbus,
The city center is burned and seventeen Americans are killed. As a result of the attack
President Wilson sends
to capture Poncho Villa
"dead or alive." Pancho Villa has been executing Americans in Northern Mexico.
Villa is upset that the
United States supports the Mexican
President Carranza. Although Pancho Villa is pursued by
US Troops for eleven months they are unable to find him. Pancho Villa eventually resurfaces, is pardoned by the
Mexican government, and retires to his ranch in
Parral. It is there that he is assassinated by his enemies three years later.
1959...The first Barbie doll
goes on display at the American Toy
Fair in New York City.
1945...American B-29 fighter bombers drop over 1,600 tons of fire bombs on
James Earl Ray
1906...An explosion kills 1060
mine workers in Courrieres, France
1969...James Earl Ray pleads guilty to the assassination of
Martin Luther King.