"Did You Know..."
Notable Historic Events
for the Month of
Yellowstone National Park
1781...The Articles of Confederation are ratified.
1872...Yellowstone becomes the county's first National Park. The park is over
one million acres and it spreads over the states of
Yellowstone becomes famous for its steaming geysers (Old Faithful),
bubbling cauldrons, and majestic
1932.. The 20-month-old son of the aviator Charles
is kidnapped from his home in Hopewell,
New Jersey. The kidnapper uses a
ladder to obtain access to the
baby's room on the upper floor. A ransom is
paid, but the kidnapper kills the little
on the night he takes him.
The crime is eventually solved, a man is executed, and kidnapping becomes a
John F. Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps. The Peace Corps, under the
Department of State, is to be a humanitarian agency, charged with the job
of sending trained
America men and women to developing countries in the world to
help and assist them. The Peace Corps is still operational today, with
volunteers serving in more than
Texas and the Mexican War
passes an act that prohibits the selling of slaves. It is now illegal to bring
slaves into any port or place in the
United States or to any area that is within
the jurisdiction of the
1836...Texas declares independence from
1917...Puerto Ricans are granted citizenship.
1820...Congress passes the
1887...Ann Sullivan meets and begins
teaching 6-year old Helen Keller.
Helen can neither see nor hear. Ann
teaches her using touch. Helen goes on to
college and to
writer and a lecturer. Her story and the story of her tutor are
an inspiration to all who hear it.
1931...Itís been a long time coming, but the Star- Spangled Banner is
finally made the official national anthem of the
United States. In 1916
President Woodrow Wilson signed an executive order to make the
Star-Spangled Banner the anthem of the
United States. Not until 1931 did
Congress pass an act confirming
President Wilsonís executive order.
President Hoover signs the act and the Star-Spangled Banner
officially becomes the national anthem of the
United States. The words to the Star-Spangled Banner were written by
Francis Scott Key during the War of 1812. Key was under detainment on a British
ship while the British Royal Navy was bombing Fort McHenry. It was the
Battle of Baltimore. All night long he heard the battle rage. Ft. McHenry was
assaulted by 1,800 bombs. Key had no idea what he would see in the morning. When
the sun came up what he saw was the
American flag waving in the wind. It was a glorious sight, and it moved him
to pen the words of the Star-Spangled Banner.
President Abraham Lincoln
1789...Congress meets for the first time.
They meet in
New York City's
Federal Hall. Their first order of business is
to fulfill the promise to add amendments to the
Constitution that protect personal rights. These include the right to
religious freedom, the right to bear arms, free speech and freedom of the press.
They pass twelve amendments. Ten of them will be ratified by the
States and become known as the
Bill of Rights.
Lincoln becomes 16th
President of the
R. Roosevelt becomes the 32nd
2004...Martha Stewart is convicted of a felony
charge. Americaís favorite
homemaker, Martha Stewart, is found guilty of lying about the sale of stock.
Martha sold some shares of stock after her she received a tip the shares were
going to plummet. It is assumed that she sold her stock as a result of that tip,
which amounts to insider trading. Most people thought Martha would be acquitted,
but the jury found her guilty. The verdict could have brought a penalty of up to
20 years in
jail. As it was, Martha Stewart served five months in a federal
prison, five months of house arrest and 2 years of probation. To this day
very few people feel her verdict was fair, and her popularity remains
1770...Colonists in America clash with
British troops leading to the Boston
1963...Wham-O patents the
Ethel and Julius
reaches its decision in the Dred Scott Case.
found in the bark of the willow tree, is patented by the
German owned Bayer Company.
has long been known for curing
headaches and reducing pain. It has not been popular because of the
unpleasant taste of the
drug. Bayer changes this. It makes it more
palatable and begins distributing it as a powder. It is highly successful,
and becomes one of the most popular drugs in the world.
will go on to be sold
1952...The trial begins for Ethel and Julius Rosenberg, accused of
selling nuclear secrets to the Russians.
Alexander Graham Bell
1876...Alexander Graham Bell
for the invention of the
Alexander is born in Scotland. When he moves to America, he gets a job as
a teacher at a
school for the deaf. He ends up
marrying one of his former
pupils. Alexander is looking for way to help those who cannot hear. In
the process of experimenting with sound he becomes interested in transmitting
speech over wires. He wants to blend aspects of the
telegraph and the
phonograph so that people who are separated can talk to each other. This
leads him to the
telephone. Three days after he receives the patent, he transmits the first
message over his new invention. It is to his assistant. He says "Mr.
Watson, come here, I need you."
Luther King leads a large civil rights march
from Montgomery, the capital of
The Volkswagen Bus
Living conditions are dismal in
Russian men, ill-prepared to fight the
Germans, have been dying at an alarming
rate. It is estimated that between 900,000 and 2,500,000
have been killed. At
are wounded. Nearly 4,000,000
soldiers are held
as POWs. The economy is distressed and there is no food. The government is
unresponsive to the people. Strikes break out and the
people begin to
riot. It gets bad and Czar Nicholas is forced to abdicate his throne. A
provincial government is set up.
Russia's turn to Communism is around the
corner, as Lenin makes his way home.
1950...The Volkswagen Bus goes into production.
The Barbie Doll
1916...Pancho Villa's gorillas attack the border
town of Columbus,
The city center is burned and seventeen Americans are killed. As a result
of the attack
President Wilson sends
Mexico to capture Poncho Villa "dead or alive." Pancho Villa
has been executing Americans in Northern Mexico. Villa is upset that the
United States supports the
Mexican President Carranza. Although Pancho Villa
is pursued by
US Troops for eleven months they are unable to find him. Pancho
Villa eventually resurfaces, is pardoned by the
Mexican government, and retires
to his ranch in Parral. It is there that he is assassinated by his enemies three years later.
goes on display at the American
New York City.
1945...American B-29 fighter bombers drop 2,000
tons of fire bombs on Tokyo, Japan,
James Earl Ray
1906...An explosion kills 1060
mine workers in Courrieres, France.
1969...James Earl Ray
pleads guilty to the assassination of
Martin Luther King.