1881...Clara Barton founds the
Cross. Clara Barton will go on to become one of the most honored women in
history. Clara Barton is a woman of incredible courage and compassion. She
is a nurse during the Civil War. She tends to the
soldiers, often risking her own life in the process. She becomes known as the
Angel of the Battlefield as she
nurses the ill and injured, and comforts and cooks for the men. After the war Clara
goes to Europe where she learns
about the European Red Cross. It becomes her mission to start a similar
organization in the
United States. After founding the
American Red Cross, Clara serves as its
president for 23 years, not stopping until she is 82-years-old. Clara
Barton's legacy continues today, as the
Red Cross reaches out, with its organization of Volunteer Workers, to help those in need of assistance.
passes the first speed-limit law. Motor vehicles are now limited to 12mph in the city, and 15 mph
completes a solo transatlantic flight and lands The Sprit of St. Louis in
1455..The 30-yearWar of Roses begins. The war is between the House of York and the
House of Lancaster.
1843...The Great Migration begins, as 1,000
for a 2000-mile trip to the West. It will take five months for these
1972...President Nixon goes to
Moscow for a summit with Brezhnev and other
1701...Captain Kidd walks the plank for
piracy and murder.
1934...The notorious outlaws Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow are shot to death in
1960...War criminal Adolf Eichmann is captured in
taken to Israel to stand trial for crimes against humanity and the Jewish
Hancock is elected President of the Second
He later becomes the first member of
Congress to sign the
Declaration of Independence.
He does so with a large, clear signature that he says
cannot fail to
1844... Samuel Morse demonstrates the
Congress and receives funding for a Washington-to-Baltimore
1883...The Brooklyn Bridge, a
suspension bridge connecting the cities of
New York and Brooklyn,
opens for traffic. It takes fourteen years to construct the bridge, and
twenty-seven people lose their lives during the construction.
The Gateway Arch
1787...The Constitutional Convention begins, with
George Washington presiding. The Convention will lay the foundation for the government of the
Congress to support the
space program and work toward sending
an American to the
moon by the end of the decade.
Gateway Arch in
Missouri is dedicated.
movie Star Wars premiers on
Weekend. It will go on to win seven Oscars.
Czar Nicholas II
1896...Czar Nicholas II is
crowned the ruler of
1896...The Dow Jones Industrial Average is
published for the first time.
1927...Ford Company ceases production of the
Model T automobile.
The car is also known as the
1703...Peter the Great founds the city of St. Petersburg after
winning access to the Baltic Sea in the Great Northern War.
1937...The Golden Gate
California opens. It connects Marion County with
San Francisco. Two hundred thousand people show up to walk the
It opens for
traffic the next day.
from the Royal Navy sink the
battleship Bismarck in the Atlantic
torpedo knocks out the steering gear, and the
ship is unable to move.
Bismarck is huge endeavor and goes down as one of the most extensive naval
manhunts in history.
Polo Grounds Stadium
1902...The first serious
book in the Western genre is published.
The Virginian, written by Owen Wister, is about the life of
German government forms a new
named Volkswagenwerk. It is referred to as the "People's Car
1957..Two major league
baseball teams move to
New York Giants move to
San Francisco and the Brooklyn
Dodgers move to
becomes the 30th state in the
United States of America.
1953...Sir Edmund Hillary summits Mt. Everest, the tallest
in the world . Mt. Everest is located in Nepal and is 29,029 feet high. Mt.
Everest is difficult summit because the air is very thin at the top of the
Reagan goes to Moscow for summit talks with Gorbachev.
2003...Bob Hope celebrates his 100th
1431...Joan of Arc is burned at the stake for heresy.
William H. Taft,
President and Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court, dedicates the
Indianapolis 500 is held. It is won by Ray Harroun.
1971...Mariner 9 sets off towards the planet
Mars to gather
1859...Big Ben rings for the first time in Westminster,
1996...Benjamin Netanyahu is elected President of Israel.
2005...The secret source called Deep Throat during the Watergate Scandal is
finally identified as W. Mark Felt. He was the assistant director of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).