1889...Dewitt Wallace, the founder of Reader's Digest magazine, is born in
Minnesota. After high
school he works at a
bank and keeps
a card file of his favorite magazine articles. His card file is his inspiration for Reader's Digest.
Island closes its doors. Ellis
Island opened in 1892. From 1892 to 1954
more than 12 million immigrants enter the
United States through Ellis Island.
1980...Voyager 1 flies by Saturn. Multiple rings are seen, as well as three new
moons. Atmosphere is found around Titan, Saturn's
Robert Lewis Stevenson
1850...Robert Louis Stevenson, the author of Treasure Island and Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde,
is born in Scotland. Although he became a great writer, in
school he studied engineering and law.
1945...After Allied Troops liberated one Nazi death camp after
President Harry Truman announces a panel of inquiry to
look into the settlement of the Jews in Palestine.
1982...The long awaited Vietnam
Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington D.C.
The 50,000 plus Americans who died are arranged in order of death, as opposed to
1851... Moby Dick, written by Herman Melville, is published. Moby Dick
tells the tale of Captain Ahab and his quest for a giant white
whale. It is not popular at first, but later becomes a great American Classic.
1970...A jet plane
carrying the Marshall University Thundering Herd Football Team from
crashes into a hillside near the school.
There are no survivors.
erupts in Columbia killing over 20,000 people. Nearby towns are buried in mud, ice and lava.
1867...The first stock ticker is unveiled at the
Stock Exchange. It allows up to the minute prices for investors around the
makes his big
screen debut in Love Me Tender.
The movie premiers in New York City at the
1965...Twenty-eight year old Craig Breedlove breaks the 600 mph barrier driving his vehicle
The Spirit of America. The vehicle cost $250,000.
The Sound of Music
1957...Notre Dame beats Oklahoma 7-0, ending the Sooners
47 game winning streak. The record still stands as most consecutive wins by a
1959...The Sound of Music is a success from the very
night of its Broadway Opening. The show gets average reviews, but the quality of
the music by Rogers and Hammerstein was immediately recognized.
1973...President Richard Nixon urges
to pass Senate Bill 1081. The bill allows construction of an oil pipeline to gain access
to the oil on Alaska's
The "Heidi" Game
1777...After 16 months of debate,
Congress submits The Articles of Confederation to the states for ratification.
1968...The Oakland Raiders score two touchdowns in 9 seconds to beat the New York Jets. However, the
fans watching on television do not get to see the
end of the game. When the game goes longer than expected.
NBC switches to the children's movie Heidi. There is a lot of fallout from that blunder, and it goes down as
one of the most notable mistakes of broadcasting on
2003...John Mohamed, The Beltway Sniper, is found guilty of the shootings that terrorized the
Washington D.C. area.
1883... American and
Canadian railroads begin using four continental time zones to end the confusion of dealing with thousands of
1966...Los Angeles Dodger pitching ace Sandy Koufax retires due to arthritis. He is just 30 years old.
Sandy Koufax also gained fame for refusing to pitch the first game of the 1965
World Series because it fell on the Jewish holiday
1978...Jim Jones leads hundreds of his followers in a mass murder-suicide in Ghana, South Africa.
Many willingly drink the poison punch,
but others are forced do do it at gunpoint.
President Abraham Lincoln delivers a memorable speech when he dedicates the
Military Cemetery at Gettysburg,
President Lincoln's famous
speech reminded Americans why the Union needed to
fight and win the Civil War.
soccer great Pele scores his 1,000th professional goal. In his career
Pele led Brazil to three World Cup championships.
1975...One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, a film about a group
of patients in a mental institution, opens in theaters
across the United States.
Nurse Ratched becomes a symbol for a cold and heartless person.
1820...The American whale boat Essex, from Nantucket,
attacked and sunk by an 80-ton sperm
whale off the coast of South America. This incident becomes the inspiration for the novel Moby Dick,
by Herman Melville.
1923...The U.S. Patent Office grants
newspaper man and inventor Garrett Morgan a patent for his three position
1945...Twenty-four high-ranking Nazis are tried in Nuremburg,
Germany for atrocities committed during