"Did You Know..."
Notable Historic Events
for the Month of
creates Yosemite National Park in
California. It will become known for
giant Sequoia trees, El Capitan and the Half Dome.
Model T is built by Ford Motor Company.
Between 1908 and 1927
Ford will build 15 million of them
1962...Johnny Carson takes over the Tonight Show on NBC
from Jack Paar. He will go on to host the
television show for the next 30 years.
1967...The first African American justice of the
Supreme Court, Thurgood
Marshall, is sworn in by Chief Justice Earl Warren.
1968...Bob Gibson, of the Saint Louis Cardinals,
strikes out 17
batters in the first game of the
World's Series. He breaks Sandy Koufax's
strike outs in a series game.
1985...Rock Hudson, the quintessential tall, dark and handsome Hollywood
leading man, dies at age 59 of AIDS.
1863...After the pivotal Union Victory at Gettysburg,
President Abraham Lincoln announces
the Nation will celebrate
Thanksgiving on the 4th Thursday of every
1952..Great Britain successfully tests its first
atomic bomb off the
coast of Australia. The makes Britain the world's third country with
power. The other countries are the
United Stated and Russia.
1990...East and West
Germany come together on what is known as
Unity Day, a public holiday to celebrate the anniversary of the
reunification of Germany in 1990. It will be celebrated yearly, on October 3rd.
1927...Sculpting starts on the face of Mt. Rushmore in the Black Hills National
gives a report to officers educating them about shell shock as a result of prolonged exposure to combat. The average
soldier can only
handle approximately 200 days of combat before suffering psychiatric damage.
1957...The Soviet Union launches Sputnik, the world's first artificial
United States and the
world are caught off guard by
advanced technology of Russian engineers.
1877...Chief Joseph, of the Nez Perce, surrenders in
Chief Joseph is chief of the Nez Perce, a native American tribe in the Wallowa
Valley in Northwest
Oregon. When the Nez Perce are ordered to go to a reservation, Chief Joseph
refuses. After more problems arise between his people and the white settlers,
Chief Joseph decides to flee to Canada with his people. Their flight will become
one of the greatest retreats in military history. Canada is over one
thousand miles away. They are pursued by 2,000
soldiers. The Nez Perce and the
fight all along the
journey until they are just 40 miles from Canada. Although Chief Joseph has won
many battles along the way, the native Americans are spent and
outnumbered. After one last fight at Bears Paw Chief Joseph decides to
surrender. His speech of surrender is considered one of the great speeches
in American history. "I am tired of fighting," he said. "Our chiefs are
killed. Looking Glass is dead. Toohoolhoolzote is dead. The old men are all
dead. It is the young men who say, 'Yes' or 'No.' He who led the young men [Olikut]
is dead. It is cold, and we have no blankets. The little children are freezing
to death. My people, some of them, have run away to the hills, and have no
blankets, no food. No one knows where they are - perhaps freezing to death. I
want to have time to look for my children, and see how many of them I can find.
Maybe I shall find them among the dead. Hear me, my chiefs! I am tired. My heart
is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever."
1892...The Dalton gang fails trying to rob two
banks at the same time in
The people in the town put up a fight and kill four of the five bandits.
2011...Steve Jobs, the Co-Founder of Apple Inc and a technology genius, dies at
the age of 56 from pancreatic cancer. Jobs brought the world the Mac, iPod, iPhone and the iPad.
1683...The Mennonites, seeking freedom of
religion and free land, settle in
They are among the first Germans to settle in America.
1866...The Reno Brothers commit the first moving
train robbery in
They are soon copied by Western gangs such as Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch.
1961...President Kennedy advises American families to build
bomb shelters to
protect themselves from atomic fallout in the event of
nuclear war with the
1816...The Washington, the first classic
arrives in New Orleans,
Louisiana. These boats, with their two-story decks, paddle wheels and
steam engine become a fixture on the
The boats are seen as they transport people and
cargo up and down the
1960...The one hour
television drama, Route 66, airs on CBS. Unlike other programs, the 116
episodes will be filmed at locations in twenty-five different
1984...Chicago Bears tailback Walter Payton finishes his
becoming the the NFL's all-time rushing leader. He breaks the previous
record of Jim Brown. Payton's 12,400 yards is 88 more than the record set by Jim
1871...A fire breaks out in the
barn of Patrick O'Leary and spreads
to the surrounding area. It
great Chicago fire in
Illinois. The fire kills one hundred people. It
destroys 17,450 structures, and 100,000 people are left
1918...US Corporal Alvin York earns the
Congressional Medal of Honor
with his amazing
He protects his squadron from
and captures 130 German
1956...The NY Yankees Don Larson pitches the first and only no-hitter in the
history of the
It was a perfect game. There are no runs, hits, walks or errors. No one
reaches first base.
The Gashouse Gang
1934...The Gashouse Gang Saint Louis Cardinals
on the pitching of the Ozark hillbillies Dizzy and
Daffy Dean. Dizzy wins 30 games and his brother Daffy wins 19 games.
1936...Hoover Dam, the tallest
dam in the world,
starts sending electricity over transmission lines to Los Angeles,
1992...A meteorite goes through the roof of a
Chevy Malibu in Peekskill,
New York. The
meteor, the size of a
football, also went through the asphalt driveway.
1845...The US Naval Academy opens in Annapolis,
There are 50
1877...The army holds a
military honors for Colonel
George Armstrong Custer at West Point. Custer
from West Point in 1861. He
was at the bottom
of his class.
2004...Famous for staring in four
movies, actor Christopher
Reeve dies of heart failure at age 52. Reeve was paralyzed in 1995 in a