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Notable Historic Events
for the Month of October
El Capitan, Yosemite
Yosemite National Park, located in the state of
will become known for
giant Sequoia trees, El Capitan and the Half Dome and other scenic
Model T is built by Ford Motor Company.
Between 1908 and 1927
Ford will build 15 million of them
1962...Johnny Carson takes over the Tonight Show on NBC
from Jack Paar. He will go on to host the
television show for the next 30 years.
1967...The first African American justice of the
Supreme Court, Thurgood
Marshall, is sworn in by Chief Justice Earl Warren.
1968...Bob Gibson, of the Saint Louis Cardinals,
strikes out 17
batters in the first game of the
World's Series. He breaks Sandy Koufax's
strike outs in a series game.
Lyndon B. Johnson signs the act to establish the
Redwood National Park. The park spreads over 58,000 acres and is covered
with Redwood trees, some of the tallest trees in the world.
1985...Rock Hudson, the tall, dark and handsome Hollywood
movie star, dies at age 59 of AIDS.
1863...After the pivotal Union victory at Gettysburg,
President Abraham Lincoln announces
the Nation will celebrate
Thanksgiving on the 4th Thursday of every
1952..Great Britain successfully tests its first
atomic bomb off the
coast of Australia. This makes Britain the world's third country with
power. The other countries are the
United Stated and
1990...East and West
Germany come together on what is known as
Unity Day, a public holiday to celebrate the anniversary of the
reunification of Germany in 1990. Unity Day will be celebrated yearly, on October 3rd.
1927...Sculpting starts on the faces of Mt. Rushmore in the Black Hills National
gives a report to officers educating them about shell shock as a result of prolonged exposure to combat. The average
soldier can only
handle approximately 200 days of combat before suffering psychiatric damage.
Soviet Union launches Sputnik, the world's first artificial
United States and the
world are caught off guard by
the advanced technology of
1877...Chief Joseph, of the Nez Perce, surrenders in
Chief Joseph is chief of the Nez Perce, a native American
tribe in the Wallowa
Valley in Northwest
Oregon. When the Nez Perce are ordered to go to a reservation, Chief Joseph
refuses. After more problems arise between his people and the white
Chief Joseph decides to flee to
Canada with his people. Their flight will become
one of the greatest retreats in
is over one
thousand miles away. They are pursued by 2,000
soldiers. The Nez Perce and the
fight all along the
journey until they are just 40 miles from
Canada. Although Chief Joseph has won
many battles along the way, the native Americans are spent and
outnumbered. After one last fight at Bears Paw Chief Joseph decides to
surrender. His speech of surrender is considered one of the great speeches
in American history.
1892...The Dalton gang fails trying to rob two
banks at the same time in
The people in the town put up a fight and kill four of the five bandits.
2011...Steve Jobs, the Co-Founder of Apple Inc and a technology genius, dies at
the age of 56 from pancreatic cancer. Jobs brought the world the Mac, iPod, iPhone and the iPad.
1683...The Mennonites, seeking freedom of
religion and free
land, settle in
They are among the first
Germans to settle in America.
1866...The Reno Brothers commit the first moving
train robbery in
They are soon copied by Western gangs such as Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch.
1961...President Kennedy advises American families to build
protect themselves from atomic fallout in the event of
nuclear war with the
1816...The Washington, the first classic
arrives in New Orleans,
Louisiana. These boats, with their two-story decks, paddle wheels and
steam engine become a fixture on the
The boats are seen as they transport people and
cargo up and down the
1960...The one hour
television drama, Route 66, airs on CBS. Unlike other programs, the 116
episodes will be filmed at locations in twenty-five different
1984...Chicago Bears tailback Walter Payton finishes his
becoming the the NFL's all-time rushing leader. He breaks the previous
record of Jim Brown. Payton's 12,400 yards is 88 more than the record set by Jim
1871...A fire breaks out in the
barn of Patrick O'Leary and spreads
to the surrounding area. It
great Chicago fire in
Illinois. The fire kills one hundred people. It
destroys 17,450 structures, and 100,000 people are left
1918...US Corporal Alvin York earns the
Congressional Medal of Honor
with his amazing
He protects his squadron from
and captures 130 German
York Yankee Don Larson pitches the first and only no-hitter in the
history of the
It is a perfect game. There are no runs, hits, walks or errors, and no one
reaches first base.
The Gashouse Gang
1934...The Gashouse Gang Saint Louis Cardinals
on the pitching of the Ozark hillbillies Dizzy and
Daffy Dean. Dizzy wins 30 games and his brother Daffy wins 19 games.
1936...The Hoover Dam, the tallest
dam in the world,
starts sending electricity over transmission lines to
1992...A meteorite goes through the roof of a
Chevy Malibu in Peekskill,
New York. The
meteor, the size of a
goes through the asphalt driveway.
Naval Academy opens in Annapolis,
There are 50
army holds a
military honors for Colonel
George Armstrong Custer at West Point. Custer
from West Point in 1861. He
was at the bottom
of his class.
2004...Famous for staring in four
movies, actor Christopher
Reeve dies of heart failure at age 52. Reeve was paralyzed in 1995 in a