Reagan and Gorbachev
1923...In a botched
train robbery three men stop a mail and
passenger train in
Oregon but fail to get the
explosives accidentally blow the train car to pieces.
1975...Saturday Night Live, a
show, makes its debut and
goes on to become the longest running late night
1986...President Ronald Reagan
and Soviet leader Mikhail
Gorbachev meet in Reykjavik, Iceland for missile reduction talks.
1492...Christopher Columbus arrives in the New World and goes ashore to claim the
Spain. Columbus is from
Italy, but sails under the flag of
Spain. He is supported by King Ferdinand
and Queen Isabel.
1945...Private Desmond Doss is awarded the
Congressional Medal of Honor for bravery as a medical corpsman
in the Battle of Okinawa. He becomes the first conscientious objector to receive the medal.
1960...Nikita Khrushchev throws a temper tantrum at the
United Nations. He pounds his shoe on his
desk when he is displeased at what is said. He
does not like the accusations of Soviet imperialism
by one of the speakers.
The White House
1792...The cornerstone is laid for the
White House. John Adams becomes the first
president to live in the White House.
1925...Margaret Thatcher is born. She will become the first
prime minister of England,
serving from 1979 until 1990.
1983...Ameritech Mobile Communication provides the first mobile
cellular phone service for public use in Chicago,
1879...Thomas Edison files for a patent application for the first incandescent light bulb.
Chuck Yeager becomes the first person to
fly faster than sound in the X1-Rocket
Plane. The rocket plane was built by Bell
1964...The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
for his non-violent protest of American segregation laws.
B17 Flying Fortress
1937...The world's largest
military aircraft, the B-17 Flying Fortress, has its first test flight. It is built by Boeing Aircraft.
1964... A special meeting of the
Soviet Central Committee deposes Khrushchev and replaces him with Leonid Brezhnev as Communist Party Secretary.
New York's famous Staten Island Ferry crashes full speed
into the dock on Staten Island. Eleven people are killed in the crash and seventy-one are injured.
Cuban Missile Crisis
1962...President Kennedy is
told that surveillance by a U2 spy
plane reveals nuclear missile bases are being built in
Cuba. This is the start
of the Cuban Missile Crisis.
becomes the 5th country in the world to acquire
nuclear bomb capability. China joins the
Great Britain and
France as a nuclear power.
2011...Fauja Singh, at 100 years old, becomes the oldest 26 mile marathon runner in a Toronto,
Canada race. He runs for over eight hours
and beats out five other competitors.
approves a resolution creating the Texas Rangers. The
Texas Rangers are a corps of armed, mounted lawmen designed to range and guard the frontier.
Illinois gangster Al Capone, one of the
most notorious crime bosses, is sentenced to eleven years in
prison for tax evasion.
1973...Arab countries of the OPEC oil organization ban selling
oil to any nation that supports
Israel. Long lines immediately form at
gas stations in the
United States officially takes possession of
purchased from Russia for less than two
cents an acre. Today Alaska provides 25% of the
oil in the
United States and over 50% of its seafood.
1931...Thomas Edison dies at West Orange,
at the age of 84. Edison is the most prolific inventor in history, owning 1,093 patents.
1977...Yankee outfielder Reggie Jackson becomes Mr.
hitting three home runs in one
world series game. The only other person to do this
is Babe Ruth. He did it twice.
General Lord Cornwallis surrenders 8,000 soldiers
and seamen to the American and French
forces. The American Revolution is over.
1812...Napoleon Bonaparte is forced to retreat a deserted and burning Moscow. His
army is then devastated by the
and the Russian
1957...Maurice Rocket Richard, of the Montreal Canadiens, becomes the first National
Hockey Player to score 500 goals in his career.
1803...The US Senate
approves the Louisiana Purchase from France. The
United States pays $15 million
dollars for 827,000 square miles of
land west of the
Mississippi River. This doubles the size of the
1944...US General Douglas MacArthur returns to the Philippines after being forced to flee when the Japanese
invaded the islands. He is fulfilling the promise he made to return.
1968...Dick Fosbury wins a Gold Medal and sets an
Olympic record when he high jumps 7 feet and 4 1/4 inches. He has a new, unique jump style.
It becomes known as the Fosbury Flop.