1854...Florence Nightingale, with a staff of 38 nurses, is sent to help the
soldiers in the Crimean War.
a Communist country. Mao Zedong proclaims himself the premier of the
People's Republic of China.
Kennedy addresses the nation on
television to inform Americans about missiles going up in
Cuba and the need
to protect American cities from attack. Cuba is blockaded and the Cuban
Missile Crises begins.
Lyndon Johnson signs the
Beautification Act. Excessive billboards
and junk yards are no longer allowed on
highway roads. Steps are taken to improve the
scenery along the roadways.
2012...Lance Armstrong is stripped of his seven Tour de
titles for his use of performance enhancing
and other unethical practices.
42...Marcus Junius Brutus is defeated at the second battle at
Philippi and kills himself. Brutus is well-known as being a friend of
Caesar, yet he participates in his assassination. When Caesar recognizes him, he
utters the oft quoted words "Et tu Brute?" meaning "Even you, Brutus?"
1983...A truck filled with explosives drives into the
Marine Corps barracks at the airport in Beirut, Lebanon. A total of 241 American
Military servicemen are killed in the explosion.
2002...Fifty Chechen rebels storm a
in Moscow and take
700 people hostage. The Islamist terrorist demand the
their forces from Chechnya and end the war.
George Washington Bridge
Telegraph links east and west lines at
Salt Lake City,
coast-to-coast communication possible.
1901...Annie Edson Taylor, a 63 year old
is the first person
to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel. She does it for
money, but unfortunately never receives much of it.
1931...The George Washington
is dedicated. It is a 4,760 foot
suspension bridge. It connects
New York and
over the Hudson
1854...The Charge of the Light Brigade occurs when
Lord James Cardigan leads the
British cavalry again
in the Crimean War. About 110 men die and 161 are
wounded. The obviously doomed charge is looked back on as both a heroic effort
and a foolhardy disaster.
1944...The Japanese deploy Kamikaze suicide bombers against
American warships for the first time during The Battle of Leyte Gulf in the
with the affirmative votes of
States representatives, allows Communist China to become a member of the
However, contrary to the objections of the
States, Taiwan is expelled.
1825...The Erie Canal opens. The canal makes a water route
New York State from
New York City
and the Atlantic
Ocean to the Great Lakes.
his brothers and Doc Holliday face off
against the Clanton Cowboy Gang in the legendary shootout at the O.K. Corral in
1986...Bill Buckner, of the Boston Red Sox, lets an easy ground
ball dribble between his legs.
This allows the Mets to score and then win the
Series. This will become the most famous error in
1873...Joseph Glidden, of
gets a patent for his design for barbed wire fencing. This invention will greatly aid
1904...The New York
London had the first
subway in the world. Boston had the first
subway in the United States. However, the
Subway will become the largest
system in the world.
2014...Boston wins the
for the first time since
1918. Finally the Curse of the Bambino is broken. Boston has
finally recovered from selling
Babe Ruth to the Yankees.
The Gateway Arch
sailors, knowing of pending peace talks to end
five orders from
German Admiralty to launch suicidal attacks against the
1962...The Cuban Missile Crisis comes to an end as Khrushchev
agrees to remove
Russian missiles in Cuba. He does this with the assurance that the
United States will not invade Cuba.
1965...The 630-foot-high stainless steel
is completed. The arch was designed
by the American educated and Finnish born architect Eero Saarinen.
Sir Walter Raleigh
1618...Sir Walter Raleigh, organizer of three expeditions to America
and the first
settlement in America, is beheaded in
London for conspiracy against
King James I.
1777...John Hancock resigns his position as President of the
Continental Congress because of ill health. John Hancock was the first
person to sign the
Declaration of Independence.
He is known for his bold and clear signature on the document.
If the British won the Revolutionary War all the men who signed the
Declaration of Independence
would have been hung. John Hancock exhibited valor and patriotism when he made
his signature large enough that even
George could not fail to read
1998...At the age of seventy-seven, John Glenn goes back into space. John Glenn
was the first American to orbit the earth, and now he is given a ride on the space shuttle Discovery.
1893...The 400th anniversary of Columbus and the discovery of America is
celebrated at the
Exposition in the state of
1938...Orson Welles, a young veteran of
radio productions, airs a
broadcast called War of the Worlds. The program makes it seem
like an invasion from the planet
Mars is happening in real time. Whether it
caused panic or not is uncertain.
Juan Carlos becomes head of
when dictator Franco
to govern. When Franco dies a few days later, Carlos begins his
country's change to democracy.
and scholar, nails his Proclamation to the door of
the Castel Church in Wittenberg,
His 95 Thesis document will
begin the Protestant Reformation.
1926...The most celebrated
and escape artist of the 20th century, Harry
Houdini, dies at age 52. He dies from a burst appendix in a Detroit,
1950...Earl Lloyd, attending the University of West Virginia,
becomes the first African-American to play in the National
Association (NBA). He plays for the The Washington Capitals.